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Lecture 6

Psyc 320 lecture 61.doc

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 320
Professor
Sunaina Assanand
Semester
Fall

Description
psyc 320 lecture 61 By the end of today’s class you should be able to: 1. Distinguish between problem-focused coping and emotion focused coping 2. Review research findings on sex differences in coping 3. Discuss sex differences in exposure to traumatic events 4. Review explanations for sex differences in rates o PTSD 5. Discuss the relationships between depression and agency, unmitigated agency, communion, and unmitigated communion Are there sex differences in depression? (cont.) 4. Coping (cont): In relative terms, females are more likely to use emotions focused coping strategies than problem focused strategies and males are more likely to use problem focused coping than emotion focused instrumental social support: financial support, baby sitting emotional social support: looking for someone you can talk to about your problems (largest sex difference) avoidance: distraction techniques (thinking about other things, substance use) denial: no acknowledgment of the stressor isolation: avoid others as a means not to talk about the stressor venting: acting out, verbal or aggressive outbursts rumination: tendency to focus on ones own problems wishful thinking: fanasy, wishing a problem away positive slef talk: all your wonderful attributes will help you overcome this within sex: males prefer problem focuse coping strategies (except for venting and avoidance) and females prefer emotion focus coping strategies a) seeking social support: male response is fight or flight and female response to stress is tend or befriend. There might be a biological explanation for the sex diferences in social support. In contrast to males who exhibit fight or flight response to stress, females exhibit tend and befriend responses to stress. This response among females is hypothesized to have emerged from evolutionary pressures and to be under the control of oxytocin b) rumination: private reflection and deliberation over ones problems. Rumination is a mediator between sex and depression. There is a rumination scale. Mosst predictive items are 5-10. 5-7 show self reflexive tendencies. 8-10 show bruding which is the most predictive of depression. Nolen: when we ruminate it interferes with our problem solving abilities. Those who ruminate are more likely to have pessimistic attributions. When people engage in rumination they show more negative affect. Nolen maintains that females who experience higher levels of depression than males because they are more likely to ruminate about negative events than males. The rumination scale assesses the tendency to engage in rumination after negative events. 5. stressful life events: the frequency
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