Psyc 320 Lecture 35
Female-as-opener hypothesis: both sexes disclose more to females than males because
they perceive females as more supportive confidantes, they see females as more
sympathetic and better sexes to disclose to. This could be wrong because it has been
shown that people go to males when their problem is about work, school, etc. and go to
females when their problems are about relationships.
Reciprocity hypotheses: Both sexes disclose more to females than males due to
reciproity of self-disclosure. Females disclose more than males and their high self
disclosure elicits their partners self disclosure. Males disclose less than females, and
their low self disclosure inhibits their partners self disclosure.
Males experience more variability across their same sex and cross sex friendships. This
shows that males are not incapable for engaging in self disclosure, which shows changes
in gender, not sex differences.
In cross sex friendships males benefit from: meaningful interaction; being able to
unload one's problems; obtaining greater esteem support (female friends provide more
reassurance in the males capabilities); greater emotional support; males find cross sex
friendships more rewarding
Benefits females might report from cross sex friendships: no co-rumination (releif from
dwelling on one's problems); a releif from the intensity o