Class Notes (835,673)
Canada (509,326)
Psychology (2,094)
PSYC 320 (49)


8 Pages
Unlock Document

PSYC 320
Sunaina Assanand

Lecture 37 Romantic Relationships: 1. What characteristics do females and males desire in a mate? (continued) 2. Are there sex differences in the experience of love? By the end of today’s class, you should be able to: 1. review theories of sex differences in mate preferences and the research findings that support them. 2. identify sex similarities in mate preferences. 3. distinguish between Sternberg’s love types and Lee’s love styles. 4. discuss sex differences and similarities in the experience of Sternberg’s components of love. 1 What characteristics do females and males desire in a mate? (continued) • Explanations for sex differences in importance of resource potential and physical attractiveness: 1. Evolutionary explanation: Emphasizes sex differences in minimal parental investment. 2. Social role explanation: Emphasizes division of labour between males and females in traditional societies. 3. Social construction explanation: Emphasizes social norms regarding desirable characteristics. sex differences rooted in norms we acquire in social learning. Cultural differences is mate preferences are greater than sex differences • Although sex differences consistently emerge in the importance of resource potential and physical attractiveness, these characteristics are relatively unimportant to both sexes: 2 Hatfield and Sprecher, 1995 (also see Toro-Morn & Sprecher, 2003)  Assessed mate preferences in Japan, Russia, and the US.  In all cultures, found that both sexes valued “internal” attributes (e.g., kind) more than “external” attributes (e.g., physically attractive). Hatfield: resource potential is considered external resource potential (ambitious, money status and position) are higher f or females Physical attractiveness is higher for males Females are choosier/pickier than males (they have a greater empha sis on the attributes) Males and Females follow the same pattern with kindness and sense of humor and expressive and openness as the top three attributes and t hen following the same pattern for the rank order for the rest of the attrib utes The sexes have a great degree of commonality with what they seek f 3 or in a mate • Moreover, research suggests that both sexes are attracted to individuals who possess attributes similar to their own. Thus, research supports the “similarity-attraction” hypothesis (vs. the “potential-attraction” or the “opposite-attraction” hypotheses) for both sexes. Similarity hypothesis: Research shows that males and females are attra cted to people who are similar to their own, they dont try to have someo ne who fills deficits in their own personalities Sex differences in the experience of love Under the age of 30 females have greater emphasis on getting married Over age of 30 males have greater emphasis on getting married 4 Are there sex differences in the experience of love? • Several theories of love have been proposed by psychologists. Among these theories are: 1. Sternberg’s Triangular Theory of Love  Maintains that there are three components associated w
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 320

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.