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Psyc 350A lecture 1.doc

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PSYC 350
Jason Winters

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Abrief History: womens pleasure has been secondary to mens--this is the one thing which has been consistent in history Ancient hebrews: believed in procreation and pleasure, monogamy, polygamy (having multiple wives) monogamy tends to make thing more stable--put in place to grow the culture and make it stable Ancient Greece: guys could have sex with whoever they wantes (women, men, boys [pederasty], etc). Womens sexuality were strictly controlled. "going Greek"--slang for anal sex. Homosexuality was not discouraged. It was ok for men to have sex with boys but it was not socially acceptable for them to have sex with girls Ancient Rome: Orgies (Caligula--a movie; a cross of porn into mainstream movie theatres) Early Christians: restrictive in their perspectives on sex. Sex only for procreation (sex drive is so strong that it must be controlled). this is where virginity becomes very important The far east: Islam (is interpreted different in different places--there is no central location such as the Pope who makes up the rules) Muslims: sex within the married couple is encouraged. No premarital sex, no extramarital sex Taoists: had instructional book about sex. it was part of a spiritual life. they believed that semen should end anywhere but inside the vagina Hindus: the camasutra (spiritual book with sex as a component). sex is celebrated middle ages:Anti-anything intellectual. Great sex negativity. all sex problems were blamed on witchcraft Protestant reformation: they realized the importance of sex to strengthen relationships and increase the stability of relationships in christian history Victorian era: more repressed than the middle ages. Sex was a marital duty for procreation. Sexual desire was repressed. Chastity belts were used (these are now used as a fetish for BDSM relationships) Even now--in this sex positive culture, sex is still taboo History of Sex research: Krafft-Ebing: wrote psychopathia sexualis (filled with all of his case studies). He had harsh beliefs but softened his tone throughout his research--his work shifted his thoughts to become more liberal. He came up with terms still used: paradoxia: sexual desire at the wrong time of life Anesthesia: insufficient sexual desire. not having enough sexual desire (this is still in the DSM with a different title) Hyperesthesia: excessive sexual desire. having too much sexual desire (this is not in the DSM however there re people who are pushing to have it in the DSM) Paraesthesia: sexual desire for the wrong goal or object (can include fetishes, sexual orientation).Any sex desires which are not directed towards procreation Freud: psychodynamic theory. Libido (sex drive within us which needs to be controlled) Kinsey: kicked of sex research in the modern day world. Interviewed people and asked a bunch of sexual questions--he made 2 books which blew peoples minds! 1/3 men interviewed reported homosexual interaction which lead to orgasm 10% of men were exclusively homosexual and 2% of women 50% of men reported extramarital sex 14% of women had multiple orgasms He had a biased sample Kinsey's scale of sexual orientations: he invisioned sexual orientation as a spectrum Masters and Johnson: interested in physiological response. They got 700 people to come into their lab and masterbate or have sex. They came up with the 4 phase model of sexual response. They noticed that women were far more orgasmic than people thought Formal definitions of sex: Anatomy: male or female sexual behaviour: may include genital and non-genital sexual expression; may or not include sexual arousal and orgasm Identity: Sexual orientation: to whom we are sexually
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