RELG 101 Lecture Notes - Vajrayana, Vajra, Mahayana

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Buddha review
Nirmanakaya-human
Sambhogakaya-divie
Dharmakaya-ultimate reality
Mahayana
The Lota Sutra is a major text
-Buddhosaka(?) is far along the realization path, but instead of going on to be a buddha,
reaches back to give help to those behind so they can benefit from their own self
-buddhas do this too
-those further along the path pull those behind so they can escape as well
-Mahayana and Vadrayana are only separated through their rituals
!-they have the same ideals
Vadrayana (iterally meaning diamond or lightning bolt)
-tantra: a south asian ritual system for the identification or merging of the practitioner
with personified representations of ultimate reality
-emptiness, nonduality
-mantra
-sexual union: symbolizing ultimate reality (emptiness)
-bell and vajra
!-is part of the things someone needs to achieve enlightenment
-mandala
!-internally, you perform patterns, externally, you create and disassemble physical
!patterns
!-is created in sand, to emphasize that nothing lasts forever
-rely on gurus to teach and guide
characteristics of vajrayana buddhism
-using desire to break desire through ritual
!-sex is supposed to enlighten, not provoke more desire
!-along with alcohol and meat, is meant to quell desire
!-heteropathic vs. homeopathic method
!!-eg. hetero: putting ice on a burn homeo: putting heat on a burn
-extremely powerful techniques, requiring secrecy, training, and proper initiation
!-master-disciple relationship
!-dangerous to people if not done correctly
!-initiation and training under a guru
-mapping of microcosm onto the macrocosm through ritual
!-identify the limited self with the teacher-deity-emptiness
!-power of language, action, thought harnessed by ritual
!-merging through ritual
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Document Summary

Buddhosaka(?) is far along the realization path, but instead of going on to be a buddha, reaches back to give help to those behind so they can bene t from their own self. Those further along the path pull those behind so they can escape as well. Mahayana and vadrayana are only separated through their rituals. Tantra: a south asian ritual system for the identi cation or merging of the practitioner with personi ed representations of ultimate reality. Rely on gurus to teach and guide characteristics of vajrayana buddhism. Extremely powerful techniques, requiring secrecy, training, and proper initiation. Mapping of microcosm onto the macrocosm through ritual. Sex is supposed to enlighten, not provoke more desire. Along with alcohol and meat, is meant to quell desire. Power of language, action, thought harnessed by ritual. Is part of the things someone needs to achieve enlightenment. Internally, you perform patterns, externally, you create and disassemble physical patterns.

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