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Lecture

RELG 101 Lecture Notes - Vajrayana, Mahayana, Mantra


Department
Religious Studies
Course Code
RELG 101
Professor
Anne Murphy Jessica Main

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The Language of Devotion: The rise of Temple Worship
Key themes among religions; review
‘how the world works’
-different religions are born of shared religious orientations:
-jainism, buddhism, hinduism, sikhism, etc
-shared assumptions regarding religious life and the status of the self in South Asian
religions
-samsara
-moksha/nirvana etc
-karma
-contemplative practice/meditation
-importance of the teacher or guru
-dharma
!-your place in the world, the ‘right thing’
-centrality of word and/or mantra
-forms of devotion (we return to this today)
-let us consider two main themes
-the goal (moksha/nirvana etc)
-how do you get there? (practice)
Tradition
Goal
How do you get there?
Early China
ancestors? sage king? no real
goal
ritual implements
Early Confucianism
harmonious/stable society
ritual, cultivate virtue
Indus Valley
not a clear goal, not enough
evidence
ritual implements, bathing
Vedic
maintain order/society
sacrifice, ritual
Upanishads/Vedanta
Jainism
Early Buddhism
Mahayana Buddhism
Vajrayana Buddhism
Daoism
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