RELG 310 Lecture Notes - Maccabean Revolt, Babylonian Captivity, Rabbi Akiva

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Published on 20 Apr 2013
School
UBC
Department
Religious Studies
Course
RELG 310
Professor
1
Kingdoms Divide
Judah [South] and Israel [North]
(date)
922 BCE 2
Assyrians destroy Northern Kingdom (of
Israel) (date)
722 BCE 3
1st TEMPLE DESTROYED
-when
-where
-by who
587-6 BCE
In Jerusalem
By the Babylonians 4
Edict of Cyrus (Persian King) permits return to
Jerusalem (date)
538 BCE 5
Second Temple Completed (date)
515 BCE 6
Israelites return to Jerusalem
-with who?
-when?
Ezra and Nehemiah
circa 450-440 BCE 7
Hasmonean Revolt
-when
-why?
175-167 BCE
Against Hellenistic decrees
8
Beginning of Hellenistic Era (date)
c. 310 BCE 9
Hasmonean Era: self rule for Israelites (date)
164-63 BCE 10
Beginning of Roman rule (date)
63 BCE 11
Beginning of Great Revolt (date)
66 CE 12
Destruction of 2nd Temple
-where
-by who
-when
Jerusalem
By Romans
70 CE 13
Bar Kokhba Uprising (date)
132-135 CE 14
Completion of Mishnah (date)
c. 210 CE 15
Patriarchal Era (date)
C. 1900-1600 BCE 16
Exodus (date)
C. 1725-1250 BCE 17
Completion of Jerusalem Talmud (date and
location)
c. 450 CE in Jerusalem 18
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Completion of Babylonian Talmud (date and
location)
c. 600 CE in Babylonian exile community
(modern day Iraq) 19
Amora (Amoraim)
(defn)
A rabbi from 200-500 CE whose views are
cited in the Talmud 20
Apocrypha (defn)
Works that were included in the Greek
collection of Jewish scriptures but not in the
Hebrew Bible 21
Aramaic (defn)
A Semitic language similar to Hebrew spoken
by Jews from the Second Temple Era (515
BCE-70 CE), especially in the Galilee and
Babylonia 22
Bar Kokhba, Simeon (defn)
Leader of a failed Jewish revolt against Rome
between 132 and 135 BCE.
Believed to be the Messiah by Rabbi Akiva
and others. 23
Canaan (defn)
The name for the land of Israel prior to its
conquest by Joshua c. 1250 BCE 24
Conquest of the Land of Canaan by Joshua
(date)
c. 1250-1200 BCE 25
Canaanites (defn)
The peoples who inhabited the land of Israel
prior to its conquest by the Israelites under
Joshua 26
Covenant (defn)
In Jewish belief, a mutual agreement that
defines the relationship between God and the
people of Israel 27
Book of Daniel (defn)
A book included in the Ketuvim section of the
Bible
Story of a Jewish hero during the Babylonian
exile period 28
Dead Sea Scrolls (defn)
A library of ancient Jewish texts written during
the Second Temple Era discovered in caves
near Qumran in the Judean Desert
(sometimes called source "Q") 29
Diaspora (defn)
The Jewish communities scattered outside the
land of Israel
(for ex. the Babylonian exile community -->
taken to Babylon 587 BCE after destruction of
1st Temple and were not permitted to return to
Jerusalem until Edict of Cyrus 538 BCE) 30
Divided Monarchy (defn)
Era during which Israel was divided into TWO
KINGDOMS
-Northern 10 Tribes of ISRAEL
-Southern 2 Tribes of JUDAH
31
Essenes (defn)
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A Second Temple Jewish movement that
removed itself from Jerusalem and lived in
separate communities
-distinctive characteristics of piety and purity
Most scholars identify them as the authors of
the Dead Sea Scrolls from Qumran
32
Book of Exodus (defn)
The second book of the Torah
-describes the enslavement of the Hebrews in
Egypt, and their miraculous liberation
(exodus) by God
-describes the receiving of the Torah at Mt.
Sinai 33
Book of Ezra-Nehemiah (defn)
A book in the Ketuvim section of the Bible that
describes the return of the Jews to Jerusalem
following the Babylonian exile (c. 450-440
BCE) 34
Galilee (defn)
The northern district of the Land of Israel.
Became the centre of Jewish religious and
communal life in the 2nd century CE following
the decline of Judea 35
Great Revolt (defn)
Failed uprising against Rome in 66-73 CE that
culminated in the destruction of the 2nd
Temple in the year 70 CE. 36
Hagiographa
Greek for "Holy Writings" = Ketuvim 37
Halakhah (defn)
The component of Jewish oral tradition that
deals with matters of law 38
Hanukkah (defn)
Commemorates the purification (rededication)
of the Jerusalem temple after it had been
defiled during Antiochus IV's persecutions (c.
164 BCE) 39
Hasmoneans (defn)
The priestly family who led a successful revolt
against the Hellenistic persecutions of
Antiochus IV, C. 175-167 BCE
Established themselves as the political and
priestly leaders of Judea. (164-63 BCE) 40
Hebrew Bible (defn)
The sacred scriptures of the Jews
-originated by divine revelation
-Divided into 3 sections: Torah, Nevi'im and
Ketuvim (total of 24 books)
41
Israel (defn)
-The name given to patriarch Jacob
-The entire nation descended from Jacob and
his twelve sons ("children of Israel";
"Israelites)
-During divided monarchy, Israel was the
Northern Kingdom (10 tribes)
42
Jerusalem Talmud (defn)
A commentary on the Mishnah compiled from
the discussions of rabbis from circa. 400 CE in
the land of Israel (Jerusalem) 43
Ketuvim (defn)
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Document Summary

Edict of cyrus (persian king) permits return to. Beginning of hellenistic era (date: 310 bce. Completion of jerusalem talmud (date and location: 450 ce in jerusalem. Completion of babylonian talmud (date and location: 600 ce in babylonian exile community (modern day iraq) A rabbi from 200-500 ce whose views are cited in the talmud. Works that were included in the greek collection of jewish scriptures but not in the. A semitic language similar to hebrew spoken by jews from the second temple era (515. Leader of a failed jewish revolt against rome between 132 and 135 bce. Believed to be the messiah by rabbi akiva and others. The name for the land of israel prior to its conquest by joshua c. 1250 bce. Conquest of the land of canaan by joshua (date: 1250-1200 bce. The peoples who inhabited the land of israel prior to its conquest by the israelites under.

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