Religions of the World
• What is the Point of Theory?
o Understanding the Data
Data is only as good as the theory that explains it
o Common sense
Use common sense to argue conflicting theories
• How religion came about, persists, believe
• Linking Disparate Sciences
o Answer two connected questions when thinking about religion
o How does one live a good/virtuous life?
o How does one contribute to a good/virtuous society?
• Plato: said that nothing is real, what is real is what is behind everything
o Behind the stuff are forms and everything corresponds to the forms
o 1. People are not that smart
o 2.People don’t want to know the truth
What do you do? Create religion
God had made it that some people are smarter than others
Depends on what you are made of, you have a certain role in
o Tier a virtuous society
• Aristotle: different vision, people are not that stupid, not that there are forms but
that everything has an essence, in everyone and everything
o Gives us secondary characteristics that defines who we are
o Ex. Rockiness inside of rock – different qualities inside of everything
o What is means to be a good person is that you are good in your own way
Good in your own religion, be moderate
o Love Aristotle because replace essence with God
o Explains all aspects of reality
o If the sun is the centre of the universe, we might not be as important as we
think we are
• The Enlightenment
o Deconstructing Greek Conceptions of Science
o European Wars of Religion
Defend the theories that you have built their lives upon
o Reconstructing Norms of Society
Where does Religion fit in?
What explains Religiosity?
• Theory of Society – The Social Contract
Human beings want to protect/pursue certain things
Regardless of religion want: life, lib