9 Pages
Unlock Document

University of British Columbia
Religious Studies
RELG 310
Gregg Gardner

1 Beginning of Hellenistic Era (date) Kingdoms Divide Judah [South] and Israel [North] c. 310 BCE (date) 9 Hasmonean Era: self rule for Israelites (date) 922 BCE 2 164-63 BCE Assyrians destroy Northern Kingdom (of 10 Israel) (date) Beginning of Roman rule (date) 722 BCE 63 BCE 3 11 1st TEMPLE DESTROYED Beginning of Great Revolt (date) -when -where 66 CE -by who 12 Destruction of 2nd Temple 587-6 BCE -where -by who In Jerusalem By the Babylonians -when 4 Edict of Cyrus (Persian King) permits return to Jerusalem Jerusalem (date) By Romans 70 CE 13 538 BCE 5 Bar Kokhba Uprising (date) Second Temple Completed (date) 132-135 CE 515 BCE 14 6 Completion of Mishnah (date) Israelites return to Jerusalem -with who? c. 210 CE 15 -when? Patriarchal Era (date) Ezra and Nehemiah circa 450-440 BCE C. 1900-1600 BCE 16 7 Hasmonean Revolt Exodus (date) -when -why? C. 1725-1250 BCE 17 Completion of Jerusalem Talmud (date and 175-167 BCE location) Against Hellenistic decrees 8 c. 450 CE in Jerusalem 18 Completion of Babylonian Talmud (date and The peoples who inhabited the land of Israel location) prior to its conquest by the Israelites under Joshua c. 600 CE in Babylonian exile community 26 Covenant (defn) (modern day Iraq) 19 Amora (Amoraim) In Jewish belief, a mutual agreement that (defn) defines the relationship between God and the people of Israel 27 A rabbi from 200-500 CE whose views are cited in the Talmud Book of Daniel (defn) 20 Apocrypha (defn) A book included in the Ketuvim section of the Bible Works that were included in the Greek Story of a Jewish hero during the Babylonian collection of Jewish scriptures but not in the exile period 28 Hebrew Bible 21 Dead Sea Scrolls (defn) Aramaic (defn) A library of ancient Jewish texts written during A Semitic language similar to Hebrew spoken the Second Temple Era discovered in caves by Jews from the Second Temple Era (515 near Qumran in the Judean Desert BCE-70 CE), especially in the Galilee and (sometimes called source "Q") Babylonia 29 22 Diaspora (defn) Bar Kokhba, Simeon (defn) The Jewish communities scattered outside the Leader of a failed Jewish revolt against Rome land of Israel between 132 and 135 BCE. (for ex. the Babylonian exile community --> Believed to be the Messiah by Rabbi Akiva taken to Babylon 587 BCE after destruction of and others. 1st Temple and were not permitted to return to 23 Jerusalem until Edict of Cyrus 538 BCE) Canaan (defn) 30 Divided Monarchy (defn) The name for the land of Israel prior to its conquest by Joshua c. 1250 BCE Era during which Israel was divided into TWO 24 KINGDOMS Conquest of the Land of Canaan by Joshua -Northern 10 Tribes of ISRAEL (date) -Southern 2 Tribes of JUDAH c. 1250-1200 BCE 31 25 Essenes (defn) Canaanites (defn) A Second Temple Jewish movement that The component of Jewish oral tradition that removed itself from Jerusalem and lived in deals with matters of law 38 separate communities -distinctive characteristics of piety and purity Hanukkah (defn) Most scholars identify them as the authors of the Dead Sea Scrolls from Qumran Commemorates the purification (rededication) of the Jerusalem temple after it had been 32 defiled during Antiochus IV's persecutions (c. Book of Exodus (defn) 164 BCE) 39 The second book of the Torah Hasmoneans (defn) -describes the enslavement of the Hebrews in Egypt, and their miraculous liberation The priestly family who led a successful revolt against the Hellenistic persecutions of (exodus) by God -describes the receiving of the Torah at Mt. Antiochus IV, C. 175-167 BCE Established themselves as the political and Sinai 33 priestly leaders of Judea. (164-63 BCE) Book of Ezra-Nehemiah (defn) 40 Hebrew Bible (defn) A book in the Ketuvim section of the Bible that The sacred scriptures of the Jews describes the return of the Jews to Jerusalem following the Babylonian exile (c. 450-440 -originated by divine revelation -Divided into 3 sections: Torah, Nevi'im and BCE) 34 Ketuvim (total of 24 books) Galilee (defn) 41 Israel (defn) The northern district of the Land of Israel. Became the centre of Jewish religious and -The name given to patriarch Jacob communal life in the 2nd century CE following the decline of Judea -The entire nation descended from Jacob and 35 his twelve sons ("children of Israel"; Great Revolt (defn) "Israelites) -During divided monarchy, Israel was the Failed uprising against Rome in 66-73 CE that Northern Kingdom (10 tribes) culminated in the destruction of the 2nd 42 Temple in the year 70 CE. 36 Jerusalem Talmud (defn) Hagiographa A commentary on the Mishnah compiled from the discussions of rabbis from circa. 400 CE in Greek for "Holy Writings" = Ketuvim the land of Israel (Jerusalem) 37 43 Halakhah (defn) Ketuvim (defn) "(Sacred) Writings" Another name for Jerusalem Talmud aka Hagiographa 51 44 Patriarchal Era (defn) Kohen (singular) Kohanim (plural) The generations of Abraham, Isaac and (defn) Jacob: the biblical ancestors (patriarchs) of the Jewish people 52 A priest In Judaism, all priests are patrilineal Pentateuch (defn) descendants of Aaron, Moses' brother (Aaron was designated as the first High Priest) Greek word: first five books of the Hebrew 45 Bible, called TORAH 53 Kosher (defn) Pharisees (defn) "Fit, legitimate, acceptable" Colloquially applied to foods that are prepared A second-temple movement that encouraged Torah scholarship as a religious value according to the Jewish dietary regulation Something that is acceptable by Jewish Law Maintained strict standards of purity and dietary observance 46 (Part of the 3 groups --> Sadducees, Maccabee (defn) Pharisees, Essenes) 54 Nickname for Judah son of Mattathias, first Pseudepigrapha (defn) military leader of the Hasmonean uprising "False writings" against Hellenistic forces. Means "hammer" Ancient Jewish texts claimed to be written or 47 revealed by biblical figures Midrash (defn) (attributed to an author that didn't write them) 55 Qumran (defn) Rabbinic teachings related to the Bible 48 Mishnah (defn) An archaeological site in the Judean desert near the Dead Sea where a collection of Collection of Jewish Oral Traditions (mostly scrolls was discovered dating to the Second LEGAL matters) Temple Era. (OLDEST DATED Compiled by Rabbih Judah the Patriarch c. DOCUMENTS) 200 CE Believed that this was the site of an Essene 49 community. Nevi'im (defn) 56 Rabbi (defn) "Prophets" Second part of the 3 part Hebrew Bible (TNK) "My teacher" 50 Title given to a recognized authority on Jewish Palestinian Talmud (defn) law. 57 Sabbath (defn) Ten lost tribes (defn) Weekly day of rest observed from sundown on The tribes of the Northern Kingdom of Israel Friday until Saturday night in commemoration during the Divided Monarchy Era, who were of God's completing the six days of creation. conquered and exiled by the Assyrians (722 58 BCE) and subsequently lost to Judaism Sadducees (defn) (c. 922-722 BCE) A Second Temple Jewish mov
More Less

Related notes for RELG 310

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.