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Class 44 Social Stratification & Inequality

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SOCI 100
Debra Pentecost

In-Class (8) Notes 01-16-2013 How is power established/institutionalized in society?  Need to examine relations between unequal groups  Key concept: power  Who gets what and why?  Economic – control property/wealth  Political – control human resources/activities of others  Ideological – control ideas, beliefs, knowledge, information, guiding social action Theories of Stratification  Karl Marx – Class, Conflict & Power of Property o Each major societal form marked by struggle between “haves” and “have-nots” o (Classic Greece, Feudalism, Capitalism) o Source of division: Productive property – ownership/non-ownership of property o Economic class is „fundamental‟ o Capitalist class = high power & high status o Means of production: main source of division  Life essentials – housing, tools and land  Factories/machinery – transforming raw materials into finished goods o Bourgeoisie – controls the means of production o Proletariat – property-less majority  Own labour power  Reliant on owners of property to be employed as wage laborers o Alienation – work under capitalism produces experience of powerlessness in social life  Workers benefit little from massive wea
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