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Class 61-63 War and Peace

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University of British Columbia
SOCI 100
Debra Pentecost

In Class (61) Notes 03-04-2013 War and Peace  War – organized, armed conflict between people of various societies directed by their governments  Military Industrial Communications Complex – close association of federal government, military and defense industries Roots of Militarism  Lie also in institutional structures of society  Not only as reaction to external threats  War is not simply a fight for justice; rather war is an institution that shapes the economic, environmental, civic, ideological, and political activities and practices of civilians and governments.  “War is built into our society” Costs  World’s nations spend $1.4T annually for military purposes  US Defense Spending – for years, this has been the government’s single biggest expentidure o Now 2 ndbiggest – after Social Security o 20% of federal spending  US = 42% of world’s military spending  Arms Dealers: Leading countries  US and UK Nuclear Weapons  8000 operational nuclear warheads  Destructive power: several tonnes of TNT for every person on the planet  Nuclear countries: US, Russian Federation, Great Britain, France, Israel, China, Pakistan, India  Permanent members of UN Security Council: US, Russia, Great Britain, France, China o Power structure: countries that predominate being nuclear-capable Why We Fight: Notes 03-04-2013  Blowback – consequences of foreign attacks kept secret from the American public (implies that US government knew about 9/11 attacks before it happened) o Doesn’t allow public to put two and two together  Almost every president deployed military troops because there was something in the world they didn’t like  Response to 9/11: Opportunity to implement plans of expansion of the American empire o Plans made after the Soviet Union fell o America would secure its place as the leader in military arms dealings  9/11 changed American foreign policy  Project for New American Century o Understanding of why they were allowed to act so quickly after 9/11 o Responded by attacking Iraq right away, instead of Afghanistan or wherever the terrorists came from  Bush doctrine: preemptive strikes which were never contemplated in the past now have to be contemplated in certain scenarios o We are going to dominate the world through military attempts (pre- prepared) exclusively for our benefit and we have the right to strike preemptively  Japan bombings o To change balance in the world o To make a statement to the Russians – fight communism wherever it was in the world o Japan tried to surrender so many times in the summer, but the US refused because they wanted to drop the bombs o Eisenhower didn’t want to drop bombs, but his Secretary of Defense insisted o After this, US made the decision to remain militarized  Maintain dominance in the entire globe  There’s no widespread understanding in the American public of why the troops are in Iraq o Public doesn’t have as much confidence in the government as it once did (like during WW2) o Disconnection of American foreign policy from the average citizen  Unveiled a new weapon: o Mission: quickly weaponize what was called the penetrator o Enhance blast effect in confined structures  Statement they
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