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SOCI 100 (167)

Class 65 Environment and Society

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SOCI 100
Debra Pentecost

In-Class (65) Notes 03-20-2013 Political Economy of the Environment  Distinguish between production and consumption activities o Usually blame production  Relentless process of economic development o Controlled by industrial capitalists  Buttressed by state – governments that are also the biggest player in resource extraction Treadmill of Production  Environmental problems and policies shaped by treadmill of production  Inherent need of economic system: o Continuously yield profits o Expand consumer society  Position of State: o Economic incentives to new industry o Ensure flow of natural resources to industrial producers Canadian View of Natural Resources  Dominant view: nature can be privately requisitioned, virtually no limits  Oil, natural gas, minerals, lumber, fish, water  Resources often sent to the United States Industrialism  Not arguing capitalism is the problem  Given history of Soviet-style industrialization and now China…  “Unbridled industrialism” + Lack of Environmental Responsibility Tensions  Governments town in two directions: o Promote economic development and jobs o Meet public demand for environmental protection Risk and Risk Assessment  Risk – probability a particular hazard will occur  Many risks now hard to perceive  Must defer to experts – both scientific and medical 1. Organizational Basis of Risk o Size and comple
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