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Lecture 3

Soci Lecture 3 Notes.docx

2 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCI 100
Professor
Debra Pentecost

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The Birth of Sociology as a Discipline The Scientific Revolution The Intellectual Revolution (1500s to 1600s – Pre-modernity) Against myth, tradition, feudalism, Christianity For knowledge, progress, domination THINKERS Nicolas Copernicus (1473-1543) Polish Astronomer Belief: heliocentric cosmos – sun at centre Rene Descartes (1596-1650) Objectivism (knowledge and truth) = Methodical doubt (wipe out all existing ideas) + Pure rationalism (Deduction and rational thought) “Discourse on Method (1637) Francis Bacon (1561-1627) English Philosopher, statesman Argued true knowledge requited correct reason + empirical data Issac Newton (1642-1727) English physicist and mathematian st 1 fully systematic presentation of method we now call science Obtain rationalistic empiricism by adding experimental verificatioin Goal: Discover laws of nature *Technology aided in replication and recording, allowing for more scientific exploration. This growth is achieved through modern observation and experimentation, and that’s how we arrive at the truth. August Comte (1798-1857) “Father of sociology” 1838:Coins the term sociology Positivism – Path to understanding based on science Importance: applied scientific approach to study of society, allowed for sociologist to use a scientific approach in sociology. Further Revolutions 1700s “The Enlightenment” - The Age of Reason Modernit
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