Class Notes (811,705)
Canada (494,883)
Sociology (752)
SOCI 100 (164)

The Birth of Sociology

3 Pages
Unlock Document

SOCI 100
Debra Pentecost

THE B IRTH OF SOCIOLOGY AS A DISCIPLINE The Scientific Revolution - The Intellectual Revolution (1500s to 1600s – Pre-modernity) o Against myth, tradition, feudalism, Christianity o For knowledge, progress, domination of nature  i.e. Catholic Church’s predominate language = Latin  very few people knew Latin  thus this was a control of knowledge - Thinkers o Nicolas Copernicus (1473-1543)  Polish astronomer  Belief: heliocentric cosmos – sun at center  Challenging church knowledge o Rene Descartes (1596-1650)  ‘Objectivism’ (knowledge and truth) = methodical doubt (wipe out all existing ideas/assumptions) +  Pure rationalism (deduction and rational thought)  Discourse on Method (1637) o Francis Bacon (1561-1627)  English philosopher, statesman  Argued true knowledge required correct reason + empirical data o Isaac Newton (1642-1727)  English physicist & mathematician  1 fully systematic presentation of the method we now call science  Obtain “rationalist empiricism” by adding experimental verification  Goal: discover “laws of nature” o Auguste Comte (1798-1857)  1838: Coins the term “sociology”  Most ideas never made it to sociology  Positivism:  Path of understanding based on science  Seen a lot in psychology  Importance: applied scientific approach to study of society  Favored positivism - Further Revolutions o 1700s – “The Enlightenment” – Age of Reason o Modernity: 1750s onwards – Western Europe  Refers to social patterns resulting from industrialization  Birthed from Britain, France and Germany, then migrated to US
More Less

Related notes for SOCI 100

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.