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Social Stratification

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University of British Columbia
SOCI 100
Debra Pentecost

Jan 14 Social Stratification - Our social standing is largely a consequence of the way in which a society structures opportunities and rewards - To the core of our being, we are all products of social stratification Social Stratification - Persistent patterns of social inequality within a society - Persistent patterns of unequal distribution of scarce resources (wealth, status, power, services) - A system by which society RANKS categories of people o i.e. The "haves" and the "have nots" - Characteristic of society - Can persist over generations - Universal, but variable - Involves not just inequalities, but beliefs these inequalities are valid (as a result of the role of ideology) Social Hierarchies in Stratified Societies - Caste (closed stratification system) o Ascribed statues dominates o Movement difficult - Class (open stratification) system o Achieved status dominates o Movement easier Social Mobility - Change in one's position in social hierarchy - Individual/structural causes - Intergenerational: o Social standing of children in relation to parents - Intragenerational: o Change in one's social position in one's lifetime Questions: 1. Suggest some of the ways an individua
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