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Race and Ethnicity

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SOCI 100
Debra Pentecost

Jan 30 Race and Ethnicity "All of us are migrants or descended from migrants -- it's just a question of how many generations." Even though race is a hollow biological concept, and even though ethnic identities aren’t boundaries are neither fixed nor unchanging, many people believe in the existence of ethnicity and race, and organize their relationships with others on the basis of those beliefs. Therefore, race and ethnicity are important parts of our social reality. *because race is contested, it's often in quotation marks* "Race" and Ethnicity: Sites of Inequality - As biological entities, races do not exist - Racialization does exist and it is socially constructed o People viewed and judged as essentially different o In terms of intellect, morality, values, worth, etc. - Due to physical type or cultural heritage - Culturally and historically specific Race and Ethnicity - Race: o Based on biologically transmitted traits o Allows people to rank in hierarchy - No empirical validity or scientific justification in explaining human diversity - People continue to act as if it does - Minority: category of people o Distinguished by physical/cultural traits o Society sets apart and subordinates o It is not about numbers but rather social structure  e.g. In South Africa during the 20th century, Africans were seen as a minority despite having a larger population than whites. Racism = Prejudice + Discrimination + Power - Racism only occurs when there is POWER, those of minorities have prejudice towards certain groups but do not display racism 1. Construction of certain groups of people as biologically superior/inferior 2. Prejudice: o Attitudes & beliefs o Biased and generalized prejudgments of entire category of people o Based on faulty and inflexible generalizations o Stereotype: biased characterization of some category of people 3. Discrimination: Actions o Process
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