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Lecture 1

SOCI 350A Lecture 1: May 15th.docx

5 Pages
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Summer 2013

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCI 350
Professor
Bonar Buffam
Lecture
1

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May 15th 05/15/2013
Georg W. F. Hegel (1770-1831)
The phenomenology of spirit (1807)
Dialectical method
Being in the world lies in our ideas
Young Hegelians
Ludwig Feuerbach (1804-1872)
o“God is not real, and is merely a projection of human attributes, desires, and
potentialities”
oLike Marx, Feuerbach argues that once man realizes he’s created God, he can restore
the communal essence, and live in more ethical, political relationships
oRather than relate to God, lets relate to each other
Feuerbach differ from Hegel
Our existing in the world that creates our capacity to have ideas, “I am therefore I think”
Materialist Dialectics
Materialist Dialectics
Material: denoting or consisting of physical objects rather the mind or spirit
Ultimate reality lies in material, physical objects; matter
Ontological
Thesis I: Marx says that Feuerbach is not materialist enough. Human practice is actually the basis for
ideas. “I do, therefore I think”
Thesis VII: we need to study things as they happen in specific social relationships.
Premises of the Materialist Method
Existence of living human individuals
Establish their organization
Means of subsistence: definite mode of life
How do people reproduce the basis of their existence?
Practical-Critical Activity
Thesis III: materialist doctrine, the way in which material thought has typically been practiced, forgets
that circumstances are changed by men and that it is essential to educate the educator himself.
Not only do social relationships originate in these daily practices, but the capacity to change
these social relationships originate in them as well.
We can change our circumstances as active, living human beings.
Thesis VIII: All mysteries are a problem of human thinking, and we can solve them if we study human
practice.
Alienation
Particular kinds of thoughts can only allow us to reach particular kinds of solutions
Thesis IX: civil society alienates people from each other. Our lives in civil society have forced us into
alienation. Isolated from one another as autonomous human beings. Dictated by the economic, social
roles they assume.
Communist Manifesto
The Bourgeoisie
Own and control means of production
The Proletariat
Make production possible
Trade labour for capital
Sell labour power to bourgeoisie to be used in the modes of production
Modes of Production
Historical systems by which goods are produced
Combination of productive forces and relations of production
Productive forces: labour power and means of production
Relations of production” socio=political relations of property, power and control.
Marx argues the means of production that allows the bourgeoisie to maintain the upper hand on the
proletariat. They do this by changing the means of production to extract as much value from the labour of
the proletariat for as less as possible

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Description
May 15   th 05/15/2013 Georg W. F. Hegel (1770­1831) • The phenomenology of spirit (1807) • Dialectical method • Being in the world lies in our ideas • Young Hegelians • Ludwig Feuerbach (1804­1872) o “God is not real, and is merely a projection of human attributes, desires, and  potentialities” o Like Marx, Feuerbach argues that once man realizes he’s created God, he can restore  the communal essence, and live in more ethical, political relationships o Rather than relate to God, lets relate to each other Feuerbach differ from Hegel • • Our existing in the world that creates our capacity to have ideas, “I am therefore I think” • Materialist Dialectics Materialist Dialectics • Material: denoting or consisting of physical objects rather the mind or spirit • Ultimate reality lies in material, physical objects; matter • Ontological • Thesis I: Marx says that Feuerbach is not materialist enough. Human practice is actually the basis for  ideas. “I do, therefore I think” • Thesis VII: we need to study things as they happen in specific social relationships. Premises of the Materialist Method • Existence of living human individuals • Establish their organization • Means of subsistence: definite mode of life • How do people reproduce the basis of their existence? Practical­Critical Activity • Thesis III: materialist doctrine, the way in which material thought has typically been practiced, forgets  that circumstances are changed by men and that it is essential to educate the educator himself. • Not only do social relationships originate in these daily practices, but the capacity to change  these social relationships originate in them as well. • We can change our circum
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