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Lecture 4

SOCI 350A Lecture 4: May 29th.docx

6 Pages

Course Code
SOCI 350
Bonar Buffam

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May, 29 th 05/29/2013 The Unconscious • As a scientific humiliation of Man • Freud says the ego is not the ruler of its own house The unconscious obeys its own grammar and logic • • The unconscious thinks and talks, we are just not aware in our conscious mind • part of brain that can change how we feel but we have very little access to affect it. Idea of man  is the center of everything busted. • Darwin – second humiliation of man • The Pleasure Principle • The instinctual drives that demand immediate and painless gratification • Civilization demands cooperation between people to achieve certain aims • In order to enter civilization, into civilized forms of social action, we have to forego or delay in  that immediate gratification to participate in society • Id The Reality Principle • • The precondition in entering into association with others specifically to secure our basic needs • Instinctual pleasures are given up for less satisfying pleasures that make social life possible • As people enter into civilization, domination of the reality principle. Instinctual domination • Sublimation • Transform our instinctual desires into socially approved pursuits • Take our disavowed desires and put it into something productive • Freud says these repressed instinctual desires we feel does not disappear, it resurfaces in different  forms. Always a return of these repressed instinctual desires • The two principles in constant conflict • The Instinctual Domination Repression as Subjection • Drives: bodily demands on mental and psychical life • Subjection is process in which a subject is created. Subordinated by power by internalizing • The process of subjection Internalize the authority inhibiting the drive As the reality principle comes to dominant and redirect the pleasure principle, as individual we come to  internalize the authority that is inhibiting our drives Superego (over “I” – dictates how the ego should act) Increase our sense of guilt or frustration Even when we internalize this authority and start to regulate our behavior there is also an unconscious guilt  we feel for having to forego these desires Submit the ego to aggressiveness meant for external authority Civilization and Its Discontents The malaise of modernity Sex towards procreation In the imposition of the civilized sexuality
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