SOCI 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Cultural Learning
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“The way of thinking, ways of acting, and material objects that form a people’s way of life.”
1. Eg. Knowledge, beliefs, art, morals, law, custom
2. People interacting with each other and things in constrained, meaningful ways
What things are here?
How are they arranged?
What rules are we following? We are following implicit rules of culture in all areas of life.
What will happen if we break them?
What possibilities are foreclose?
Cultural transmission occurs through:
Material culture (Things: objects, commodities, architecture)
o Values and Beliefs
o Ideal and real culture
Anything carrying particular meaning – recognized by people sharing culture
Meanings can vary:
o Within single society and over time
System of symbols
o Key to cultural transmission
o Language as key unlocking centuries of accumulated wisdom
o People perceive world through cultural lens of language
Values and Beliefs
o Culturally defined standards
o Judge and guide social living