SOCI 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Isaac Newton, Nationstates, Auguste Comte

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
UBC
Department
Sociology
Course
SOCI 100
The Birth of Sociology as a Discipline
The Scientific Revolution
The Intellectual Revolution (1500s to 1600s Pre-modernity)
Against myth, tradition, feudalism, Christianity
For knowledge, progress, domination
THINKERS
Nicolas Copernicus (1473-1543)
Polish Astronomer
Belief: heliocentric cosmos sun at centre
Rene Descartes (1596-1650)
Objectivism (knowledge and truth) = Methodical doubt (wipe out all existing ideas)
+ Pure rationalism (Deduction and rational thought)
“Discourse on Method (1637)
Francis Bacon (1561-1627)
English Philosopher, statesman
Argued true knowledge requited correct reason + empirical data
Issac Newton (1642-1727)
English physicist and mathematian
1st fully systematic presentation of method we now call science
Obtain rationalistic empiricism by adding experimental verificatioin
Goal: Discover laws of nature
*Technology aided in replication and recording, allowing for more scientific exploration. This growth is
achieved through modern observation and experimentation, and that’s how we arrive at the truth.
August Comte (1798-1857)
“Father of sociology”
1838:Coins the term sociology
Positivism Path to understanding based on science
Importance: applied scientific approach to study of society, allowed for sociologist to use a scientific
approach in sociology.
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Document Summary

The intellectual revolution (1500s to 1600s pre-modernity) Objectivism (knowledge and truth) = methodical doubt (wipe out all existing ideas) Argued true knowledge requited correct reason + empirical data. 1st fully systematic presentation of method we now call science. *technology aided in replication and recording, allowing for more scientific exploration. This growth is achieved through modern observation and experimentation, and that"s how we arrive at the truth. Positivism path to understanding based on science. Importance: applied scientific approach to study of society, allowed for sociologist to use a scientific approach in sociology. Refers to social patterns resulting from industrialization. Modernization: process of social change initiated by industrialization. Factory-based industrial economy, this is the centralization of work -> migrate to cities and urban settings instead of cottages and rural areas. This creates urbanization, small tight-knit group of people. Gossip played a role in keeping people in line. Communites are more self-sustainable and produces what others will use.

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