SOCI 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Jean Piaget, Sigmund Freud, Lawrence Kohlberg

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
UBC
Department
Sociology
Course
SOCI 100
10/22/2012 11:04:00 AM
Life course not examined
Socialization (Lifelong Process)
o Learn culture
o Develop sense of self
o Become functioning members of society
3 Aspects to Socialization
1. Structure and process of sociocultural influence on attitudes/behaviors
of individual (social institutions family, school, subcultures)
2. Ways individual affects agents of socialization (parents, teachers,
brothers/sisters)
3. Ways learning roles takes place
Social Experience: Key to our Humanity
o Critical important of social contact to become a human being
o Without social experience, personality doesn‟t develop
o Nature/nurture
Social Isolation
o Impact on rhesus monkeys Harlows‟ experiment 1962
6 months complete isolation disturb development
o Impact on children Anna (5 years isolation) and Genie (rescued at 13
mental development of 1 year old)
Intense rehabilitation effort only capable of approximating
normal life
Theories to understand human development
o Sigmund Freud (1856-1939 Vienna, Austria)
o Basic human needs (or drives)
Eros (bonding-life instinct)
Thanatos (aggressive-death instinct)
Opposing forces - operate at unconscious level
o Personality Model (combined needs of self and society)
Id: basic drives (instinct, body, unconscious drives)
Ego: strives for balance (thought mind conscious motives)
Superego: culture within (our conscience, morality)
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Document Summary

Socialization (lifelong process: learn culture, develop sense of self, become functioning members of society. 3 aspects to socialization: structure and process of sociocultural influence on attitudes/behaviors of individual (social institutions family, school, subcultures, ways individual affects agents of socialization (parents, teachers, brothers/sisters, ways learning roles takes place. Social experience: key to our humanity: critical important of social contact to become a human being, without social experience, personality doesn t develop, nature/nurture. Social isolation: impact on rhesus monkeys harlows experiment 1962. 6 months complete isolation disturb development: impact on children anna (5 years isolation) and genie (rescued at 13. Intense rehabilitation effort only capable of approximating normal life. Theories to understand human development: sigmund freud (1856-1939 vienna, austria, basic human needs (or drives) Opposing forces - operate at unconscious level: personality model (combined needs of self and society) Id: basic drives (instinct, body, unconscious drives) Ego: strives for balance (thought mind conscious motives)

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