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Lecture 10

SOCI 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Social Control, Medicalization, Social Fact


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCI 100
Professor
Chris Mac Kenzie
Lecture
10

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Social Movements (Cont..), Deviance and Crime
Social Movements:
-In a country like Canada, protest is allowed. The police, courts, etc must be laxed. You are
allowed to protest, just make sure it doesn’t get out of control.
-Problem now, in Canada, the protest regulations have been tightened (higher fines, certain
zones)
RESOURCE MOBILIZATION THEORY: (McMarthy and Zald, 1977):
-Their argument: you might have the best cause in the world, may be allowed to protest, may
have the best issue people will support, HOWEVER, unless u can mobilize resources, all else
will fail.
-What do we mean by resources? What social movements need:
People, membership, protestors
Money or “stuff”
Location
-if you cant gather resources, you will fail (organizational failure)
LIFE CYCLE OF A SOCIAL MOVEMENT: * Mobilization for Action *
-Emergence, the beginning
-Coalescence, where you get all of your membership, your logo, your name
-Institutionalization
-Decline
Success
Absorption into the mainstream
Organizational Failure
Co-Optation
Repression (not typical in Canada)
The government shuts you down
-Social movements are the #1 way that social change comes about in any society, they are about
education and changing the culture. They are structures.
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DEVIANCE:
-Being outside the norm
-Whatever those norms and values of a society are, they are aside from that (abnormal)
DEVIANCE AND SOCIAL CONTROL:
-Deviance: The recognised violation of cultural norms
-Crime: Deviant behaviour that has been formally identified (in criminal law) as injurious to
society
-Formal Deviance: Those behaviours, attitudes that have been officially identified as
inappropriate and subject to sanctions
-There is deviance and there is punishment, there is never deviance without control
-Social Control: formal and informal methods of sanction that discourage deviance and
encourage conformity. (ex: dirty look, jail time, ticket)
-Deviants don’t exist except in relation to those who try to control them
-Social control works to ensure that behaviour is acceptable for:
society in general
the specific social situation or context
-Deviance is a relative and situational phenomenon
-Deviance as a social phenomenon is universal
**READ ARTICLE 21 IN MACIONIS**
-Moral Entrepreneurs: the people in positions of authority that have the power to define certain
things, what’s right and what’s wrong? (Ex: parents, your boss, teachers)
-If you want to change the definition of what’s normal, you have to be in the position of a moral
entrepreneur
-If someone sees you are doing something weird, what do they do to change your behaviour?
Criminalisation
EX) Loitering: what are you doing just standing around, turn it into a crime. That means you go
to courts, you can be fined.
Medicalization
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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