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Lecture 1

SOCI 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Matriarchy, Gender Identity, Essentialism


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCI 100
Professor
Chris Mac Kenzie
Lecture
1

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Gender & Sexuality 00:56
Inequality: Gender
-Sex: the biological distinction between females and males
-Essentialism: gender differences are a product of naturally dispositions
-Sex difference isn’t absolute
-Gender: the cultural attributes a society attaches to the biological categories of male and female
-Gender identity: traits that people incorporate into their personality as guided by their culture
-Gender roles: attitudes and activities that a society links to each sex
-Social constructionism
-Sexism: the belief that one sex is inherently superior to the other
negative attitudes towards women
stereotypical beliefs that justify prejudice, attitudes, treatment
overt discrimination
-Patriarchy: (rule of the fathers) a form of social organisation in which males dominate females
-Matriarchy
-Institutional Sexism
-Gender Stratification- the unequal distribution of resources based on sex differences
Reasons for Income Disparity
-the types of jobs women do
-family
-education
-seniority among male employees
-discrimination
-the pink ghetto: the predominance of women in poorly paid occupations
-the glass ceiling: a barrier that is hard to see and to pinpoint, one that is denied by company
officials, but effectively prevents women from rising above middle management
-wage gap: the disparity between women’s and men’s earnings
-pay equity: (comparable worth) payment received is based on the value of the job
-employment equity: a strategy to eliminate discriminatory hiring practice and encourage women
to compete for jobs.
-minority: a category of person, distinguished by physical or cultural difference, that is socially
disadvantaged.
Talcott Parsons: (functionalist perspective)
-gender helps create a complementary set of roles that link men and women into family units and
carry out duties necessary to society.
-MENinstrumental qualities (rational, self-assured, competitive)
-WOMENexpressive qualities (emotional, sensitive, caring)
Human Capital Model
-Wage gaps and job disparities between men and women are products of individual choice and
the demands of the market
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