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Lecture 8

SOCI 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Authoritarianism, Charismatic Authority, Totalitarianism


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCI 100
Professor
Chris Mac Kenzie
Lecture
8

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Politics 01:03
Political Sociology
-Social Contract
Politics:
= The workings of an institutionalized system that provides for the distribution and use of power
in society and the security of its citizens.
STATE
EXECUTIVE LEGISLATURE JUDICIARY
BUREAUCRACY COERCIVE APPARATUS
CIVIL SOCIETY
PARTIES LOBBIES MASS MEDIA
PUBLIC OPINION
State:
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= Executive, legislature, judiciary, bureaucracies and coercive apparatus bodies
CIVIL SOCIETY
Democracy:
= A society where there is a two-way process of control between the state and civil society
PRECONDITIONS FOR THE EMERGENCE OF A DEMOCRACY
Economic Growth- Wealth. Provides us stability
Industrialisation
- City State
- Nation-State:
-A unit of political organization that has specific geographic boundries and citizens who possess
certain legal rights and obligations
Monarchy
-Absolute
-Limited
-Constitutional
-Authoritarianism
-Totalitarianism
-Democracy
Direct Participatory Democracy
Representative Democracy
Proportional Representation- if you get X % of votes, you get that same % of the total seats.
Therefore, if there is not a majority gov’t, every party would be involved to pass legislation. This
would increase voting by people who believe strongly in one party’s ideas, people against is say
minority gov’ts are bad because they screw over social order.
LEADERSHIP POSITION/ROLES TRAITES:
Totalitarianism Authoritarianism
Charisma High Low
Role Conception Functional Individual
Ends of Power Public Private
Corruption Low High
Official Ideology Yes No
Pluralism( Limited) No Yes
Legitimacy Yes No
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