SOCI 350A Lecture 1: May 15th.docx
5 pages20 viewsSummer 2013
Course CodeSOCI 350
May 15th 05/15/2013
Georg W. F. Hegel (1770-1831)
•The phenomenology of spirit (1807)
•Being in the world lies in our ideas
•Ludwig Feuerbach (1804-1872)
o“God is not real, and is merely a projection of human attributes, desires, and
oLike Marx, Feuerbach argues that once man realizes he’s created God, he can restore
the communal essence, and live in more ethical, political relationships
oRather than relate to God, lets relate to each other
•Feuerbach differ from Hegel
•Our existing in the world that creates our capacity to have ideas, “I am therefore I think”
•Material: denoting or consisting of physical objects rather the mind or spirit
•Ultimate reality lies in material, physical objects; matter
•Thesis I: Marx says that Feuerbach is not materialist enough. Human practice is actually the basis for
ideas. “I do, therefore I think”
•Thesis VII: we need to study things as they happen in specific social relationships.
Premises of the Materialist Method
•Existence of living human individuals
•Establish their organization
•Means of subsistence: definite mode of life
•How do people reproduce the basis of their existence?
•Thesis III: materialist doctrine, the way in which material thought has typically been practiced, forgets
that circumstances are changed by men and that it is essential to educate the educator himself.
•Not only do social relationships originate in these daily practices, but the capacity to change
these social relationships originate in them as well.
•We can change our circumstances as active, living human beings.
•Thesis VIII: All mysteries are a problem of human thinking, and we can solve them if we study human
•Particular kinds of thoughts can only allow us to reach particular kinds of solutions
•Thesis IX: civil society alienates people from each other. Our lives in civil society have forced us into
alienation. Isolated from one another as autonomous human beings. Dictated by the economic, social
roles they assume.
Own and control means of production
Make production possible
Trade labour for capital
Sell labour power to bourgeoisie to be used in the modes of production
Modes of Production
Historical systems by which goods are produced
Combination of productive forces and relations of production
Productive forces: labour power and means of production
Relations of production” socio=political relations of property, power and control.
Marx argues the means of production that allows the bourgeoisie to maintain the upper hand on the
proletariat. They do this by changing the means of production to extract as much value from the labour of
the proletariat for as less as possible
Surplus Value and Exploitation
Surplus Value: difference between (a) what workers earn for their labour and (b) value of the goods they
The proletarian movement is the self-conscious, independent movement of the immense majority, in the
interest of the immense majority.
In the factory, people are employed to do the same thing over and over again, does not require education.
Each person on the factory floor comes to function as part of a machine.
When the proletariat comes to realize their economic, political exploitation they can take more meaning
The proletariat is growing in number and political momentum.
Free from attachments
The Manifesto is a means for the Proletariat to realize their power
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