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Lecture 1

SOCI 350A Lecture 1: May 15th.docx

5 pages20 viewsSummer 2013

Course Code
SOCI 350
Bonar Buffam

of 5
May 15th 05/15/2013
Georg W. F. Hegel (1770-1831)
The phenomenology of spirit (1807)
Dialectical method
Being in the world lies in our ideas
Young Hegelians
Ludwig Feuerbach (1804-1872)
o“God is not real, and is merely a projection of human attributes, desires, and
oLike Marx, Feuerbach argues that once man realizes he’s created God, he can restore
the communal essence, and live in more ethical, political relationships
oRather than relate to God, lets relate to each other
Feuerbach differ from Hegel
Our existing in the world that creates our capacity to have ideas, “I am therefore I think”
Materialist Dialectics
Materialist Dialectics
Material: denoting or consisting of physical objects rather the mind or spirit
Ultimate reality lies in material, physical objects; matter
Thesis I: Marx says that Feuerbach is not materialist enough. Human practice is actually the basis for
ideas. “I do, therefore I think”
Thesis VII: we need to study things as they happen in specific social relationships.
Premises of the Materialist Method
Existence of living human individuals
Establish their organization
Means of subsistence: definite mode of life
How do people reproduce the basis of their existence?
Practical-Critical Activity
Thesis III: materialist doctrine, the way in which material thought has typically been practiced, forgets
that circumstances are changed by men and that it is essential to educate the educator himself.
Not only do social relationships originate in these daily practices, but the capacity to change
these social relationships originate in them as well.
We can change our circumstances as active, living human beings.
Thesis VIII: All mysteries are a problem of human thinking, and we can solve them if we study human
Particular kinds of thoughts can only allow us to reach particular kinds of solutions
Thesis IX: civil society alienates people from each other. Our lives in civil society have forced us into
alienation. Isolated from one another as autonomous human beings. Dictated by the economic, social
roles they assume.
Communist Manifesto
The Bourgeoisie
Own and control means of production
The Proletariat
Make production possible
Trade labour for capital
Sell labour power to bourgeoisie to be used in the modes of production
Modes of Production
Historical systems by which goods are produced
Combination of productive forces and relations of production
Productive forces: labour power and means of production
Relations of production” socio=political relations of property, power and control.
Marx argues the means of production that allows the bourgeoisie to maintain the upper hand on the
proletariat. They do this by changing the means of production to extract as much value from the labour of
the proletariat for as less as possible
Surplus Value and Exploitation
Surplus Value: difference between (a) what workers earn for their labour and (b) value of the goods they
The Proletariat
The proletarian movement is the self-conscious, independent movement of the immense majority, in the
interest of the immense majority.
In the factory, people are employed to do the same thing over and over again, does not require education.
Each person on the factory floor comes to function as part of a machine.
When the proletariat comes to realize their economic, political exploitation they can take more meaning
political action
The proletariat is growing in number and political momentum.
Discussion Class
Cosmopolitan character
Free from attachments
The Manifesto is a means for the Proletariat to realize their power
Commodity fetishism

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