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Lecture 3

SOCI 350A Lecture 3: May 27th.docx

6 pages64 viewsSummer 2013

Course Code
SOCI 350
Bonar Buffam

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May, 27th 05/27/2013
Suicide and Solidarity
1. Mechanical solidarity
pre-industrial societies
people are bound together by virtue of feeling and doing the same thing
relative homogeneity to societies bound together by mechanical solidarity
otypically share some sort of collective conscience
2. Industrialized France
alternating phases of order or disorder
sees a disorder wrought by processes of modernization (talked about my Marx and Weber)
secularization eroding the force of traditional moral codes
urbanization, bringing people together at an unprecedented scale
high rates of suicide
3. Organic Solidarity
when morality catches up with changing modes of production
each member of society will be interdependent on one another
solidarity will not be a function of everyone doing and believing the same thing, but rather from cultivating
individual differences
each person is doing their part for the good of the whole
ideally, has an appropriately moderate amounts of moral regulation and social integration
moral codes cannot keep up with changing modes of production
prevailing morality will catch up with the changing modes of production
task of sociology is to properly diagnose and cure different illness, impediments, or obstructions that
are symptomatic of moral breakdown
Social Types of Suicide
Anomic Suicide [(-) moral regulation]
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Industrialized France
Little moral regulation
People are unsure what’s expected of them in the prevailing social order
Most intense in times of social and political change
Egoistic Suicide [(-) social integration]
Caused by excessive individualism
Society lack integration of people into the prevailing social order
Altruistic Suicide [(+) social integration]
Caused by excessive integration of people into the collective
Fatalistic Suicide [(+) moral regulation]
Higher rates of suicide because there are excessive amounts of moral regulation
Commit suicide in their lack of freedom
Slavery, concentration camps
Cannot think of suicide as an individual act
Looking at trends of suicide, we see that suicide is in fact a social phenomenon
Rates of suicide exhibits specific patterns that should lead us to believe that suicide is part of a social
factual order unto itself
Sui Generis
Suicide rates are highest when individuals lack moral regulation, or social integration
Suicide rates are a function of people’s social integration into emerging forms of solidarity
In industrialized France
Protestants are more likely to commit suicide than Catholics
Women more than men
Single more than married
Social Facts
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