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BAC121 (30)
Lecture

overdraft

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Department
Accounting
Course
BAC121
Professor
Serge Coulombe
Semester
Fall

Description
Financing using an overdraft Overdraft financing is provided when businesses make payments from their business current account exceeding the available cash balance. An overdraft facility enables businesses to obtain short-term funding - although in theory the amount loaned is repayable on demand by the bank. There are several important factors to consider when assessing the appropriateness of an overdraft as a source of funding for SME's: - The amount borrowed should not exceed the agreed limit ("facility"). The amount of the facility made available is a matter for negotiation with the bank; - Interest is charged on the amount overdrawn - at a rate that is above the Bank Base Rate. The bank may also charge an overdraft facility fee; - Overdrafts are generally meant to cover short-term financing requirements - they are not generally meant to provide a permanent source of finance - Depending on the size of the overdraft facility, the bank may require the SME to provide some security - for example by securing the overdraft against tangible fixed assets, or against personal guarantees provided by the directors The amount of an overdraft at any one time will depend on the cash flows of the business, the timing of receipts and payments, seasonal trends in the sales and so on. This can be illustrated using the data below. In the example cash flow statement given below, the SME generates a positive overall cash flo
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