4 diseases- cardiovascular, diabetes, cancer, chronic respiratory- are highly affected by modified risk factors. Precontemplation- person is not even thinking about change. Maintenance- once successful, they have to maintain it. Possible relapse- not a defined stage but a possibility. Discusses with the patient the health problems associated with being overweight. Discusses with the patient the potential benefit to them of proposed change. Assists patient in identifying potential barriers they may face and how these can be addressed. Works out a plan for weight loss and exercise with the patient and monitors closely. Organizes for routine follow-up and discusses with the patient the likelihood of relapse. Disproportionate focus on individual/micro level obscures political and economic context and other structural determinants that shape beliefs, behaviours, motivations, and choices. Emphasis on individual responsibility for health risks can inadvertently (unintentionally) lead to victim-blaming. Pays particular attention to the power of language. Focus on health practices + actions instead of on h. behaviours.