AAD 252 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Ottawa Charter For Health Promotion, Health Promotion, Tilford

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Policy: plans + procedures developed + implemented by govt"s, agencies, organizations. Public policy: a course of in/action chosen by public authorities to address a given problem or set of problems (pal cited in bryant, 2008:1) never neutral, not value-free. Never neutral because it always comes from authorities. Health policy: a type of public policy focused on addressing health-related issues. It says that all policies need to consider health. You have to do health impact assessment to know pros and cons about the health of people etc before implementing a policy. 1840+: sanitary phase - focus on environmental engineering to provide clean water, sanitation, improved housing, etc. Time period of industrial revolution, people begin to realize that built environment has ability to cause public health crisis. 1910+: education focus on educating the public about cleanliness, personal behaviour, and personal responsibility for their own ill- health and health.

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