IR in a Globalizing World
When the Cold war ended, there was widespread optimism that there would now be
increased and sustained international cooperation.
It was hoped that there would be improved commitment to strengthening the role of
international security, stability and development. However, the First Gulf War and the
collapse of the Soviet Union were destabilizing for international relations.
The end of the Cold War and the subsequent collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 was
an important dividing line between two eras: the bipolar international system
characterized by ideological division between the two global superpowers and the post
1991 era, which has been characterized by increased cooperation and significant
Informed by globalization, five key developments provided the context for post-Cold
War international relations. 1) Globalization- significantly