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Culture This covers all of the lectures and lecture slides about Culture for Barry McClinchy's Wednesday night Session.

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SOC 101
Barry Mc Clinchey

Culture  Everything that is a product of a human mind; the sum of human creation.  Social environment.  Ideas are seen as socially conditioned.  The Socialization Process influences all that people think and do. Social Consequences  Culture carries meaning and facilitates communication between members of society.  Culture facilitates or inhibits social bonds and rifts. Culture: Is a complex collection of values, beliefs, behaviours, and material objects shared by a group passed on from one generation to the next. Five Defining features of culture 1. Culture is learned. 2. Culture is shared. 3. Culture is transmitted. 4. Culture is cumulative. 5. Culture is human. Material Culture  The tangible artifacts and physical objects found in a given culture Non-Material Culture  The intangible and abstract components of a society, including values and norms. Values  What we hold as important to us in our society.  Values differ in different societies. Norms  The expectations of a society about how people should act.  Again, differ in different societies. Folkways  The normal way and accepted way people act. Not too serious penalty for breaking. Mores  More serious normal rules for the way people act. Penalties for breaking these rules are more serious. Sanction  The way we control peoples actions such as laws and penalties. Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism Ethnocentrism  The difference in cultural norms. Going to a different culture and wondering why things are different. Getting used to the way our culture does things so that others seem weird. Cultural Relativism  Ability to adapt to your surrounding environment, while not being your own, it can be beneficial once adapted to. Being aware of other cultures is beneficial in evaluating and understanding how our own culture works. Culture: Often refers to the entire social reality of a social group, as distinguished from another social group. It is often understood as regional or national. Culture in Time  Culture evolves in all locations an all groups  Borrowing across cultures.  The rate of cultural change is increasing. Culture as Symbolic  Culture is essential for creation and communication of meaning in society.  Meaning is created though the use of symbols, which people create and interpret in social interaction. Marxist and Neo-Marxist on Culture  Formulated partly in response to a philosophical argument that ideas determine history and social reality.  The mode of production is the base of society.  Dominant Ideology: A system of beliefs and understandings that we think make perfect sense. W
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