Everything that is a product of a human mind; the sum of
Ideas are seen as socially conditioned.
The Socialization Process influences all that people
think and do.
Culture carries meaning and facilitates communication between members of
Culture facilitates or inhibits social bonds and rifts.
Culture: Is a complex collection of values, beliefs, behaviours, and material objects
shared by a group passed on from one generation to the next.
Five Defining features of culture
1. Culture is learned.
2. Culture is shared.
3. Culture is transmitted.
4. Culture is cumulative.
5. Culture is human.
The tangible artifacts and physical objects found in a given culture
The intangible and abstract components of a society, including
values and norms.
What we hold as important to us in our society.
Values differ in different societies.
The expectations of a society about how people should act.
Again, differ in different societies. Folkways
The normal way and accepted way people act. Not too serious
penalty for breaking.
More serious normal rules for the way people act. Penalties for
breaking these rules are more serious.
The way we control peoples actions such as laws and penalties.
Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism
The difference in cultural norms. Going to a different culture and
wondering why things are different. Getting used to the way our
culture does things so that others seem weird.
Ability to adapt to your surrounding environment, while not being
your own, it can be beneficial once adapted to.
Being aware of other cultures is beneficial in evaluating and
understanding how our own culture works.
Culture: Often refers to the entire social reality of a social group, as
distinguished from another social group. It is often understood as
regional or national.
Culture in Time
Culture evolves in all locations an all groups
Borrowing across cultures.
The rate of cultural change is increasing.
Culture as Symbolic
Culture is essential for creation and communication of meaning in
Meaning is created though the use of symbols, which people
create and interpret in social interaction. Marxist and Neo-Marxist on Culture
Formulated partly in response to a philosophical argument that
ideas determine history and social reality.
The mode of production is the base of society.
Dominant Ideology: A system of beliefs and understandings that
we think make perfect sense. W