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Lecture 24

CHEM1006 Lecture 24: Chem2_24

2 Pages
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Department
Chemistry
Course Code
CHEM1006
Professor
Reeves Valerie

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Lecture 24
Acids are named by the anion they form when dissolved
in water.
Depending on what anion the hydrogen is attached to,
acids will have different names.
Simple acids, known as binary acids, have only one anion
and one hydrogen.
" As acids, these compounds are named starting with the
prefix "Hydro-," then adding the first syllable of the
anion, then the suffix "-ic.
HCl, which is hydrogen and chlorine, is called
hydrochloric acid.
This chart provides the nomenclature of some common
anions and acids.
Any polyatomic ion with the suffix "-ate" uses the suffix
"-ic" as an acid.
When you have a polyatomic ion with one more oxygen
than the "-ate" ion, then your acid will have the prefix
"Per-" and the suffix "-ic.
With one fewer oxygen than the "-ate" ion, the acid will
have the suffix "-ous.
With two fewer oxygen than the "-ate" ion, the prefix will
be "Hypo-" and the suffix will be "-ous.
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Description
Lecture 24 Acids are named by the anion they form when dissolved in water. Depending on what anion the hydrogen is attached to, acids will have different names. Simple acids, known as binary acids, have only one anion and one hydrogen. " As acids, these compounds are named starting with the prefix "Hydro-," then adding the first syllable of the anion, then the suffix "-ic. HCl, which is hydrogen and chlorine, is called hydrochloric acid. This chart provides the nomenclature of some common anions and acids. Any polyatomic ion with the suffix "-ate" uses the suffix "-ic" as an acid. When you have a polyatomic ion with one more oxygen than the "-ate" ion, then your acid will have the prefix "Per-" and the suffix "-ic. With one fewer oxygen than the "-ate
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