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Lecture 24

CHEM1006 Lecture 24: Chem2_24

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Reeves Valerie

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Lecture 24 Acids are named by the anion they form when dissolved in water. Depending on what anion the hydrogen is attached to, acids will have different names. Simple acids, known as binary acids, have only one anion and one hydrogen. " As acids, these compounds are named starting with the prefix "Hydro-," then adding the first syllable of the anion, then the suffix "-ic. HCl, which is hydrogen and chlorine, is called hydrochloric acid. This chart provides the nomenclature of some common anions and acids. Any polyatomic ion with the suffix "-ate" uses the suffix "-ic" as an acid. When you have a polyatomic ion with one more oxygen than the "-ate" ion, then your acid will have the prefix "Per-" and the suffix "-ic. With one fewer oxygen than the "-ate
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