Acids are named by the anion they form when dissolved
Depending on what anion the hydrogen is attached to,
acids will have different names.
Simple acids, known as binary acids, have only one anion
and one hydrogen.
" As acids, these compounds are named starting with the
prefix "Hydro-," then adding the first syllable of the
anion, then the suffix "-ic.
HCl, which is hydrogen and chlorine, is called
This chart provides the nomenclature of some common
anions and acids.
Any polyatomic ion with the suffix "-ate" uses the suffix
"-ic" as an acid.
When you have a polyatomic ion with one more oxygen
than the "-ate" ion, then your acid will have the prefix
"Per-" and the suffix "-ic.
With one fewer oxygen than the "-ate