FNAT2703 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: International Gothic, Illuminated Manuscript, Carthusians

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29 Jul 2016
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Lecture 11
EARLY RENAISSANCE ART IN EUROPE Early Renaissance Art Outside of Italy Introduction-Early
Renaissance art in northern Europe remained essentially Gothic primariy due to the fact that
the artists of the north were not surrounded by classical antiquity.
In the north, the International Style of the late 14th century will give way to powerful realism.
Northern painters evolved from manuscript illuminators The social hierarchy remained
unchanged with nobles and clergy dominating a rapidly growing middle class.
Some artists experimented with oils and glazes that allowed for the creation of richer colors.
CHARACTERISTICS OF NORTHERN PAINTING Deep, intense tonality Newer colors that seemed
to glow from within hard, enamel-like surfaces Hard edged, sparkling clarity of detail-artists
were intent on rendering the appearance rather than the structure behind the appearance
French Courtly Style PAINTING-The French love for personal and intimate works had set the
tone for the International Gothic style.
The openness of Gothis architecture provided few continuous wall spaces for frescos.
French artists of the 15th century had a long tradition of using deep colors, worked into tiny
intricate patterns.
CHARACTERISTICS-typically 15th century paintings were of charming subjects, in graceful poses
and sweet facial expressions.
The artists showed a concern for naturalistic detail.
They also used bright, pastel colors with touches of gold.
SCULPTURE-The Carthusian monastery founded by Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, was a
lavish project intended to house the family tombs.
Sluter, ClausWell of Moses, Chartreuse de Champmol, 1395-1406 Flemish Art The people of
Flanders enjoyed great wealth and prestige due to an extensive wool trade and banking.
The financial center of Bruges was also the political capital for the Duke of Burgundy.
PAINTING-The roots of Flemish painting can be traced to full page manuscript illuminations
created at the end of the 14th century.
There were three leading Flemish painters: Robert Campin, Jan van Eyck, and Rogier van der
Weyden.
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