FNAT2703 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Byzantine Art, Toleration, Apollinaris Of Ravenna

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29 Jul 2016
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Lecture 8
INTRODUCTION:The Edict of Toleration issued by Constantine the Great in 313 AD provided
religious toleration for Christians.
In 325 AD Christianity became the official religion of the empire.
In 380 AD, Emperor Theodosius I made Christianity the sole religion of the empire.
The creation of Constantinople as the capital of the Eastern Empire, not only divided Rome
politically, but religiously as well.
Soon the Western Empire was recognized as the seat of Roman Catholicism and the Eastern
Empire the seat of the Eastern Orthodox Church.
Early Christian, Jewish, and Byzantine Art - Art History Example Early Christian and Byzantine-
According to Jansen's History of Art "Byzantine art designates not only the art of the Eastern
Roman Empire but a specific quality of style as well. Early Christian does not designate a specific
style, it refers, rather, to any work of art produced by or for Christians during the time prior to
the splitting off of the Orthodox Church." Early Christian Art Early Christian Art - Art History
Example Painting-Earliest examples consist of wall paintings found within the catacombs.
The paintings conveyed religious messages most common with the core of Christianity, the
miracle of the Incarnation and the promise of Salvation.
Architecture-The recognition of Christianity by Constantine resulted in the construction of great
churches.
The basilica built in Rome over the site of the tomb of St. Peter, became the model for future
basilicas.
Central plan churches, such as the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, combined many of the
elements of the basilica with the elements of the ancient tholos.
Basilicas Basilicas - Art History Example A major building program instituted in 333 AD by
Constantine was the construction of a basilica over the burial site of St. Peter.
The general architectural elements used in the construction of Old St. Peter's Basilica became
the standard elements of all future basilicas.
Plan of Old St. Peter's Central Plan Churches Central Plan Churches - Art History Example
Introduction-The central plan building was first used by Christians as tombs, baptismal centers,
or as shrines to martyrs.
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