SOCI1513 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Cultural Universal, Sociology Of Culture, Cultural Anthropology

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1 Aug 2016
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Lecture 23
The sociology of culture concerns culture-usually
understood as the ensemble of symbolic codes used by a
society-as it is manifested in society.
The elements of culture include symbols; language;
values beliefs; and norms.
While these elements of culture may be seen in various
contexts over time and across geography, a cultural
universal is an element, pattern, trait, or institution that
is common to all human cultures worldwide.
Taken together, the whole body of cultural universals is
known as the human condition.
Among the cultural universals listed by Donald Brown are
abstract speech, figurative speech and metaphors,
antonyms and synonyms, and units of time.
In states marked dark blue, first-cousin marriage is legal.
Light blue signifies that it is legal but has restrictions or
exceptions.
Pink signifies that it is banned with exceptions; red
signifies that it is banned via statute, and dark red
signifies that it is a criminal offense.
The concept of a cultural universal has long been
discussed in the social sciences.
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