SOCI1513 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Social Darwinism, Atavism, Cesare Lombroso

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1 Aug 2016
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Lecture 19
At the most basic level, our genes express themselves in
physical characteristics, affecting bodily aspects such as
skin tone and eye color.
Human beings are much more than our biology, and this
is evident particularly in the way humans generate, and
live within, complex cultures.
Culture is a term used by social scientists, like
anthropologists and sociologists, to encompass all the
facets of human experience that extend beyond our
physical fact.
Culture refers to the way we understand ourselves both
as individuals and as members of society, and includes
stories, religion, media, rituals, and even language itself.
It is critical to understand that the term culture does not
describe a singular, fixed entity.
Instead, it is a useful heuristic, or way of thinking, that
can be very productive in understanding behavior.
As a student of the social sciences, you should think of
the word culture as a conceptual tool rather than as a
uniform, static definition.
Culture necessarily changes, and is changed by, a variety
of interactions, with individuals, media, and technology,
just to name a few.
The field of anthropology emerged around the same time
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