PHIL 202-3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Karah Parshad, Anand Sahib, Guru Hargobind

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20 May 2018
School
Department
PHIL 202
Ch. 9 Sikh Traditions (pt. 2)
Practice
Prayer
The Early Morning Order (36 a.m.)
1. Japji (Honoured Recitation)
2. Jap Sahib (Master Recitation)
3. The Ten Savayyas (Ten Panegyrics)
4. Benati Chaupai (Verses of Petition)
5. Anand Sahib (Song of Bliss)
The Evening Prayer
1. Sodar Rahiras (Supplication at that Door)
The Bedtime Prayer
1. Kirtan Sohila (Song of Praise)
Congregational Worship
Guru Granth Sahib is installed in the gurdwara each morning
Worshippers cover heads, remove shoes, and bow before the Guru Granth Sahib
Granthi (reader) reads from the Guru Granth Sahib and is the custodian of the gurdwara
Kirtan
o Attune to the divine Word
o Musicians (ragis)
o Tabla drums
Homily
Cogregatioal Worship, cot’d
Guru’s Vak “aig
o Morning: Inspiration for personal mediation
o Evening: Brings close to the day
Distribution of karah prashad
o Sweet paste of flour, sugar and butter
o Sanctified by recitation of prayers
Langar meal
The Annual Festival Cycle
Baisakhi Da: New Year’s Da usuall April 13
o Formation of the Khalsa
Divali: Festival of Lights
o When Guru Hargobind was released from prison
Hola Mahalla: March/April
o Military exercises
o Athletic and literary contests
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Anniversaries of the births and deaths of the Gurus
o Unbroken reading of scripture, Takes approximately 48 hours
Life-Cycle Rituals
Guru Granth Sahib is central to all rituals
o Child-naming
o Marriage
o Khalsa initiation
o Death
Naming a Child
Child is taken to the gurdwara
Karah prashad is presented to the Guru Granth Sahib
Prayers of thanks, recitation of Ardas
Guru Granth Sahib is opened
o The first letter of the first composition on the left side becomes the first letter
for the hild’s ae
Five stanzas of Japji are recited after the child is given sweetened water
Marriage
Spiritual compatibility is emphasized
Ceremony must take place in front of the Guru Granth Sahib
Four vows
1. Lead an action-oriented life and never shun familial obligations
2. Maintain reverence and dignity
3. Keep enthusiasm alive and remain detached from world attachments
4. Cultivate a balanced life
Circle the scripture to symbolize the cycle of life
Khalsa Initiation
Amrit sanskar
No fixed age for initiation
Recitation of prayers
Drink amrit five times to purify body of the five vices (lust, anger, greed, attachement,
and pride)
Amrit sprinkled on their eyes five times and poured on head five times
Death
Bathed, dressed in clean clothes, and cremated
Reading of entire scripture
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