PHIL 202-3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: White Cloud Temple, Zhou Dunyi, Wang Yangming

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20 May 2018
School
Department
PHIL 202
Ch. 10 Chinese and Korean Traditions (pt. 2)
The Sui and Tang Dynasties (589907)
Confucianism
Experienced a revival
Emperor Taizhong established an academy and ordered all districts to build temples
Curriculum expanded to include 12 works
Madae )hegs Classic of Filiality for Women
o Female Confucian tradition based on Ban Zhao
Can correct men
Ha Yus Defee of Cofuiais
“og ‘uozhaos Aalets for Woe
Daoism
Founder of Tang dynasty, Li Yuan, claimed descent from Laozi
Daoism became state religion
Colleges established
Reached its height of power and popularity
Buddhism
Apex of Buddhism in China
Schools developed
Monks visited imperial court
The Great Cloud Sutra used to legitimate only female emperor, Wu Zetian
o Salvation figure will bring peace and prosperity
Persecutions under Emperor Wuzong
o Buddhis poisoed ustos
The Song, Yuan, and Ming Dynasties (9601644)
Daoism
No longer state religion
The Complete Truth School
o White Cloud Abbey in Beijing
o Modelled on Buddhism
o Know elements from all three major traditions
o Fiftee Preepts for Estalishig the Teahig
Practical recommendations for healing, living a simple life, maintaining
good friends
o Sun Buer: only female master
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Confucianism
The emergence of neo-Confucianism
o Zhu Xi
Drew on Zhou Dunyi
o Quiet-sittig
o The Great Ultimate and the Ultimate Non-being are identical
Zhu Xi and the School of Principle (Lixue)
o Linked li to human relationships and theories of education and government
o Focus on quiet sitting
o Self-cultivation begins with acquisition of knowledge
Cofuciais, cot’d
Women in neo-Confucianism
o Empress Xu
Instructions for the Inner Quarters
o Women have a broader responsibility
Wang Yangming
o Moral sense is innate
Takes precedence over external learning
o Xinxue, the School of the Heart-Mind
Buddhism
Chan developed in two streams
o Norther gradual shool
o “outher sudde shool
Discourse records of individual masters
Lamp or flame records of lineages
Gongan: Cha asters ehage ith a studet
Popular Buddhism
o Jingtu (Pure Land)
o Merit points
The Qing Dynasty and Republican Period (1644present)
Confucianism
Encounter with the West and Modernization
o End of opium trade in 1838 on moral terms
o Opium Wars (183942; 185660)
o Confucianism lost ground
Ne Cofuias i post-dynastic China
o Sun Yatsen: father of modern republican China
Three principles:
1. Nationalism
2. Citizen rights
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Document Summary

Daoism: founder of tang dynasty, li yuan, claimed descent from laozi, daoism became state religion, colleges established, reached its height of power and popularity. Buddhism: apex of buddhism in china, schools developed, monks visited imperial court, the great cloud sutra used to legitimate only female emperor, wu zetian, salvation figure will bring peace and prosperity, persecutions under emperor wuzong, buddhis(cid:373) (cid:862)poiso(cid:374)ed(cid:863) (cid:272)usto(cid:373)s. Co(cid:374)fucia(cid:374)is(cid:373), co(cid:374)t"d: women in neo-confucianism, empress xu. Instructions for the inner quarters: women have a broader responsibility, wang yangming, moral sense is innate, takes precedence over external learning, xinxue, the school of the heart-mind. Buddhism: chan developed in two streams, norther(cid:374) (cid:862)gradual(cid:863) s(cid:272)hool, outher(cid:374) (cid:862)sudde(cid:374)(cid:863) s(cid:272)hool. Lamp or flame records of lineages: discourse records of individual masters, gongan: cha(cid:374) (cid:373)aster(cid:859)s e(cid:454)(cid:272)ha(cid:374)ge (cid:449)ith a stude(cid:374)t, popular buddhism, jingtu (pure land, merit points. Daoism and popular religion: popular morality books and meditation practices, daoism confused with folk practices, modernizers think of them as superstitious and hostile to progress.

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