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Lecture 2

NURS1011 Lecture 2: NURS 1011 - L2, CH1, CH2 Notes

by OneClass1419414 , Fall 2017
7 Pages
20 Views

Department
Nursing
Course Code
NURS1011
Professor
Marilyn Williams
Lecture
2

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NURS 1011 - Lecture 2, Chapter 1 and Chapter 2 Lecture Notes
September 20, 2016
A Review of historical and Contemporary Nursing Practice
Nursing History
Who is Florence Nightingale?
Florence Nightingale is one of the first nursing researchers, she was also one of the first nursing
theorists. She published information she observed and studied during the Crimean War, and is
credited with hand washing.
What value does looking at historical research have on nursing today? What are the
implications?
Nursing historical research develops in depth analysis of complex relationships, creates an
enhanced understanding of the past, and informs the future. The societal context in which
nurses work is constantly changing, this has an impact on their work environment. The value
that looking at historical research has on nursing today is not only can you look at the in depth
analysis of complex relationships within the field and profession, you can also look at past
achievements, analyses and research that went on in the field while thinking about the larger
picture of what the social, political and economic events were at the time and what the
implications were that they had on shaping nursing practice and nurses themselves. By looking
at the historical research it allows you to compare and contrast the context of the past research
with the economic, political and social environment that Canada is facing right now which
provides insight into current and future issues that might pop up later on. This creates a better
understanding of the past and has implications on policy development, because looking at the
past informs us of our future and what we are trying to accomplish.
What are trends in the writing of nursing history and where are we in developing nursing
knowledge?
The trends in the writing of nursing history began with a focus on the progression of nursing in
the areas of professionalism, education and leadership. The area of professionalism covered
the profession itself, while education covered training programs and leadership. Historians
sie the ’s eaied ho as osidered a urse ad hat ostituted ursig ork.
Nowadays, we are more focused on care issues and best practice.
Who were the early nurses and where did they provide care?
The early nursing care delivery system consisted of lay women who were just every day wives
ad others ho proided are i their ouities i people’s hoe, first atios oe,
and women from religious groups. The lay women cared for their families, but also went in the
communities that they lived in and cared for others as well. First nations women also
constituted some of the first early nurses, as they were there for the formation of society and
had the knowledge required to care for white people in the communities because they knew
more about them.
.
Who were the first nursing educators and why was this so?
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Women from religious groups were some of the first nursing educators. This was so because
the role of women in this era was to take care of her family, and there as’t suh a separatio
of religion and state, therefore nuns were able to fill in roles for education as they did not have
the same obligations to family as the lay women did.
Who are the nurses now?
The nurses now are Registered Nurses, Licensed Practical Nurses/Registered Practical Nurses,
Registered Psychiatric Nurses and Registered Practical Nurses.
What are Registered Nurses?
Registered nurses are regulated health care professionals who work in different domains of
nursing practice such as direct care, education, administration and administration. Registered
nurses are registered within a regulatory body.
What are Licensed Practical Nurses/Registered Practical Nurses?
Licensed Practical Nurses/Registered Practical nurses are regulated health care professionals
who work independently or in partnership with other individuals of the health care team to
provide health care services to individuals, families and groups of all ages. They are registered
in Ontario only, and licensed in all the other provinces.
What are Registered Psychiatric Nurses?
Registered psychiatric nurses are members of a distinct profession, they provide services to
individuals whose primary care needs relate to mental health and developmental health. They
are regulated in the western provinces only.
What nursing model was the first nursing school in St. Catharines, Canada established based
off of?
The first nursing training schools were modeled based off of Florence Nightingales nursing
model. They were apprenticeship programs with very little classroom based knowledge
involved. Students learned at the bed side by trial and error and through the guidance of other
nurses. There was no uniform curriculum which was followed.
Who made up the majority of nurses in the late 19th century?
Most nurses in the late 19th century were young, affluent, white women.
Who benefited from the model of the first nursing schools in Canada?
The people who benefited from the model of the first nursing training schools in Canada were
hospital administrators. This model provided them with free student labor.
What was the main focus of university degrees for nurses starting off as diploma programs
then moving on to university degrees?
University degrees replacing diploma programs was done to bring in management positions and
educator positions, because someone was needed to train nurses.
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find more resources at oneclass.com

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Description
NURS 1011 - Lecture 2, Chapter 1 and Chapter 2 Lecture Notes September 20, 2016 A Review of historical and Contemporary Nursing Practice Nursing History Who is Florence Nightingale? Florence Nightingale is one of the first nursing researchers, she was also one of the first nursing theorists. She published information she observed and studied during the Crimean War, and is credited with hand washing. What value does looking at historical research have on nursing today? What are the implications? Nursing historical research develops in depth analysis of complex relationships, creates an enhanced understanding of the past, and informs the future. The societal context in which nurses work is constantly changing, this has an impact on their work environment. The value that looking at historical research has on nursing today is not only can you look at the in depth analysis of complex relationships within the field and profession, you can also look at past achievements, analyses and research that went on in the field while thinking about the larger picture of what the social, political and economic events were at the time and what the implications were that they had on shaping nursing practice and nurses themselves. By looking at the historical research it allows you to compare and contrast the context of the past research with the economic, political and social environment that Canada is facing right now which provides insight into current and future issues that might pop up later on. This creates a better understanding of the past and has implications on policy development, because looking at the past informs us of our future and what we are trying to accomplish. What are trends in the writing of nursing history and where are we in developing nursing knowledge? The trends in the writing of nursing history began with a focus on the progression of nursing in the areas of professionalism, education and leadership. The area of professionalism covered the profession itself, while education covered training programs and leadership. Historians since the 1980’s examined who was considered a nurse and what constituted nursing work. Nowadays, we are more focused on care issues and best practice. Who were the early nurses and where did they provide care? The early nursing care delivery system consisted of lay women who were just every day wives and mothers who provided care in their communities in people’s home, first nations women, and women from religious groups. The lay women cared for their families, but also went in the communities that they lived in and cared for others as well. First nations women also constituted some of the first early nurses, as they were there for the formation of society and had the knowledge required to care for white people in the communities because they knew more about them. . Who were the first nursing educators and why was this so? Women from religious groups were some of the first nursing educators. This was so because the role of women in this era was to take care of her family, and there wasn’t such a separation of religion and state, therefore nuns were able to fill in roles for education as they did not have the same obligations to family as the lay women did. Who are the nurses now? The nurses now are Registered Nurses, Licensed Practical Nurses/Registered Practical Nurses, Registered Psychiatric Nurses and Registered Practical Nurses. What are Registered Nurses? Registered nurses are regulated health care professionals who work in different domains of nursing practice such as direct care, education, administration and administration. Registered nurses are registered within a regulatory body. What are Licensed Practical Nurses/Registered Practical Nurses? Licensed Practical Nurses/Registered Practical nurses are regulated health care professionals who work independently or in partnership with other individuals of the health care team to provide health care services to individuals, families and groups of all ages. They are registered in Ontario only, and licensed in all the other provinces. What are Registered Psychiatric Nurses? Registered psychiatric nurses are members of a distinct profession, they provide services to individuals whose primary care needs relate to mental health and developmental health. They are regulated in the western provinces only. What nursing model was the first nursing school in St. Catharines, Canada established based off of? The first nursing training schools were modeled based off of Florence Nightingales nursing model. They were apprenticeship programs with very little classroom based knowledge involved. Students learned at the bed side by trial and error and through the guidance of other nurses. There was no uniform curriculum which was followed. th Who made up the majority of nurses in the late 19 century? Most nurses in the late 19 century were young, affluent, white women. Who benefited from the model of the first nursing schools in Canada? The people who benefited from the model of the first nursing training schools in Canada were hospital administrators. This model provided them with free student labor. What was the main focus of university degrees for nurses starting off as diploma programs then moving on to university degrees? University degrees replacing diploma programs was done to bring in management positions and educator positions, because someone was needed to train nurses. Why did they want to register nurses and why did they want a registration list of nurses? They wanted to register nurses and have a registration list of nurses because this distanced nursing work from domestic caregiving roles and because registration meant that nurses qualifications were legitimate and documented. This also established public trust because they knew that the care that they received were from legitimate, registered nurses who were well trained to provide services, which assured the public and separated nursing work from domestic care giving and distanced registered nurses from people who simply called themselves a nurse. How does registration vary among provinces and what is the purpose of registration bodies? Registration varies from province to province and such takes on different forms since registration was established in different provinces during different times. The purpose of registration bodies and acts is to set out the conditions that nurses need to register in their home province. Why did the Yukon not start registering nurses until 1992? We do not know the answer, it could be because there may not have been enough nurses, it may be that the population was too scarce up until that point, or maybe there weren’t enough qualified nurses to get together and register. Where has nursing worked over the years and what value has this brought to the profession? Nursing has worked in various settings over the year such as with the militia and with the mounted police. The value that this has brought to the profession is that the events which happened in the past such as the wars and the nurses involvement with these events have contributed to the value and trust that people place on nurses because in many of these circumstances nurses risked their well being to treat and care for others out of selflessness. What is an example of a setting where nursing has been over the years? An example of a setting where nursing has been over the years is nurses participating in the Canadian Armed Forces on the front lines of war. What was the focus of the early nursing environment and where was nursing practiced? The focus of the early nursing environment was on community based nursing, before we went to a more hospital based nursing system, nurses worked predominantly in home care environments with clients who could pay for the services. Nurses also worked with the government in the early stages of health promotion initiatives, in these instances they would create the initiatives and collaborate with the government to help shape health promotion in the community on things like influenza, venereal diseases and mental and social hygene. The health promotion that the nurses did helped build trust in nurses. How did the focus of the early nursing environment switch from predominant home care to a hospital based setting? The focus of the early nursing environment switched from predominant home care to a hospital based setting because of both germ theory and the development of anesthesia, the great depression and nursing shortages. When nurses were doing health promotions spreading the word about germs and anesthesia, this not only promoted trust in nurses but it also made people want to be treated in hospitals over the home because these options were very attractive to them.When the great depression hit, people couldn’t pay for nursing services therefore the government came along and built hospitals, which took us to a nursing shortage. So we went from a health promotion model in the community to an acute care based system that we still use today. Why did nursing go from homes to hospitals? Nursing went from being practiced in homes to being practiced in hospitals because of things such as germ theory and anesthesia being an attractive option which was available at hospitals over homes (this was in increased use of medical technologies) Nurses were tasked with doing health promotions spreading the word of these advancements, which promoted trust in nurses and then people wanted to be treated in hospitals rather than the home because it became the more comfortable option. The great depression also made it so a lot of people couldn’t pay the price of nursing care in the home, so the government came along and built hosp
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