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FCSS*1010 (11)
Lecture 8

FCSS*1010 Lecture 8: Health

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University of Guelph - Humber
Greg Nepean

Chapter 10: Health, Illness, and Health Care as Social Problems What is Health?: A state of complete physical, mental, and social wellbeing It is a biological, personal, and social problem since: Many Illnesses are common, affecting millions Health and health care resources are unequally distributed throughout society Epidemiology: examines causes, distribution, and control of disease in a population Acute Diseases: strike suddenly, cause dramatic incapacitations and sometimes death Chronic Diseases: long term or lifelong, develop gradually or present at birth Manufacturers of Illness: those who promote illness causing behaviour, social conditions Attributed to increase in chronic disease Medical Sociology: field that examines the social context of health, illness, and health care Biomedical View of Medicine: emphasizes Western scientific principles Defines health as absence of illness Views human body as a machine that requires repair Promotes therapeutic intervention to cure diseaseinjury Holistic View of Medicine: health as wellbeing state of existence Characterized by happiness, prosperity, and satisfaction of basic human needs Not simply absence of illness or injury Social Determinants of Health: Complex causal relationship between social, economic, political factors and population Employment security and work conditions Food security, housing, income inequality Early life: Programs that provide parenting education for young mothers and infants help ensure best start to life improves health later Education: builds skills, resourcefulness useful dealing with problems in life Aboriginal communities: higher than average rates of mortality, infant mortality, suicide, potential years of life lost, infectious disease, chronic illness Social exclusion: marginalization of groups in society from resources that affect quality of life Gender: women and men have different rates of health Development of Canadian Health Care System: Features of national health care system emerged with the following pieces of federal legislation: Hospital Insurance Diagnostic Service Act 1957: provide insurance for hospital, diagnostic services Medical Care Act 1966: provide insurance for medical services. Provinces agreed to this by 1972 Canada Health Act 1984: prohibited extra billing by doctors or hospitals Federal gov increased contributions to health funding from 200515 to deal with wait times for hip, knee replacements, catastrophic drug costs, electronic health records Principles enshrined in legislation for provision of Canadian health care: Universality: all Canadians should be covered Accessibility: reasonable access must be unimpeded by financial or other barriers Comprehensiveness: all medically necessary services are guaranteed Portability: transfer of benefits to other provinces if you movetravel Public Administration: system operated by public body on nonprofit basis Issues in Canadian Health Care System:
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