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Social Policy - LECTURE NOTES.docx

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Criminology and Justice
Timothy Macneill

Social Policy – Lecture Two (Market Exploitation) Markets that Exploit –  Argument looks at the free market  It is an instrument of exploitation  The rich and powerful step on the necks of the poor and make them more poor  A form of conflict theory th  The reason for the opposition to feudalism especially in the late 18 century  Merchants got incredibly rich and got more wealthy than a lot of kings  The winners were the merchants and capitalists  Feudal system was replaced by the democratic system  The winners were the rich business class people  The rich are rich because the poor are poor  The poor are poor because the rich are rich Mercantilism – Merchant Capitalism  Based on colonialism  merchants became incredibly wealthy and gained much political power  Late 1500’s – Late 1800’s Primitive Accumulation –  Resources became accumulated in the hands of very wethth merchants (few people)  That lead to their conversion to capitalists in the 18 century  Enclosure – o Feudal lands were privatized o Became the property of the merchants o All the peasants that lived on a certain land had to move because some guy bought the entire land o Had an army of poor people that could not feed themselves o They had no place to go o Later in the US, former slave plantations were transferred to large private owners who hired workers instead of holding slaves  Colonial Accumulation – o The taking of vast wealth through force from colonies by the major merchants Proletarianization –  People are transformed into workers that only have their property to sell  Feudal lands were privatized because the property of the wealthy merchants  Peasants were pushed off  Created a large mass of unemployed people who owned nothing but their ability to work (proletariat)  Many of them began to own factories and produce goods (bourgeoisie – owners of the factories) Industrial Capitalism –  There were never enough jobs  Based more production of goods than on trade Political and Economic Revolutions –  There was a transition to democracy but there was also a transition to industrial capitalism  The revolutions in this period were transition points in both politics and economics  Constitutions which called for democracy, equality and rights also called for the protection of private property o This assured that economic equality cannot be achieved through redistribution s
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