September 24, 2012
o Talks about rights and freedoms of all citizens
o Part of our constitution --> Canada's supreme law
If government wants to take actions against us, they have to abide by the charter -->
applies to EVERYBODY (citizen or not)
If not, they have to be able to justify it
If not, they can't do it
o We have to know what our rights are, so that when there is injustice, we know when to step
o As teachers, we also have to abide by the charter
Puts teachers in a difficult position because we have to place limits on students
without violating their rights
"freedom of expression"
Not just words that you say, but how you dress, what you draw, etc.
But in schools, teachers are often limiting what students can and cannot
"freedom of religion"
Free to choose and express whatever religion you want, through clothing,
spreading word, etc.
Multani case -> school was required to respect that belief
"freedom from religion"
Government can't force you to have a religion
Public institutions can't endorse one religion over another
"right to peaceful assembly"
"That's not fair" in classrooms -> students' way to protest
We can't always turn away and not engage them -> you have to talk it
If we ignore them, we send the message that students shouldn't bother to
complain because nothing will come to it
BUT we have to distinguish between protesting and whiny complaining
"right to be protected from search and seize"
Ride program is direct violation of this
Talks about privacy
You need permission from the person
Warrant --> from judge, showing evidence
Probable cause -> severe evidence why you have to engage in search
You expect to have privacy in your home
But in the airport, there is security --> we can accept it there because it is
But we don't expect it at a mall, in our home, etc.
Rights and freedoms are guaranteed but are subject to reasonable limits (depending
on situation) --> sometimes we need rules that will restrict your rights, but don't
worry, it'll be reasonable Reasonable as in, as long as you don't harm anyone, as long as people are safe,
if there is a majority of people who agree
Reasonable--> this is a subjective term
This is where conflict arises
Three questions you have to answer
(It has to be a good purpose for you to take away somebody's
"Because I said so."
Fun to be able to say it, frustrating to hear it
You need to have a legitimate purpose
Will it work?
Does the law achieve the purpose?
What else will it do?
Determining the side-effects
"right to vote"
Every citizen of Canada
BUT it doesn't talk about age!
The LAW talks about age
Canada took that right away -> so look at the questions
Because you need to be informed
You have to be mature enough
Have to be able to make a responsible decision
Ability for government to legally tax you -> you
have to pay money for government services
You have to be considerate about the
You cannot be eas