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Lecture 2

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EDUC 3750U
Jennifer Laffier

September 13, 2012  Human development and learning o Safe space  Community circle  Name game  Use of groups -> Tribe-like o IEPs  Many kids have exceptionalities o What we need to do in regards to teaching  Different teacher role  As parent, teacher, mentor, counsellor, friend -> many roles into one o Educating the whole child  Child development  We need to know developmental milestones in children emotionally, physically, cognitively  Curriculum  We need to know how to teach it all  Child  We need to know the kids that we work with -> skills? Strengths? What are their lives like?  A teacher with great knowledge in all of these areas is a great teacher o Changing social norms and customs  Multicultural societies  Changing cultural aspects of Canada  Changing social norms  Blended families  Same-sex families  Families living in poverty  What is the demographic? Looking at the mission of the school -> what it stands for  Developing profiles  Getting to know the students  What they like, what they don't like  How they learn  Then you can create a classroom profile, to build a general picture of the classroom  Not just the students, but the parents as well  What they all have in common  This will help in lesson planning -> are the students independent? Extroverted? Like reading?  Differentiated instruction  Creating different lessons and instructions pertaining to other intelligences in the classroom  Universities did not have this -> the prof speak, student takes notes  Differentiated instruction acknowledges that everybody is different in their way of learning - > so you have to teach differently  Good way to do it is to use station ->  One is video, one is reading, one is manipulatives, one is discussion  They all learn the same information, but in different ways  Professionalism  Teachers being inappropriate with students  For teachers, we can't do psychological assessments  But we should be able to do it  Under Bill 168, a principal has to make sure students are safe (from teachers and from crowded classrooms) -> that way, teachers can't take care of them all  Teachers need to gauge themselves at their own psychological state -> if they are going through therapy or are distracted, they need to pull away from kids for their own safety  Accommodations  Modification is when you change the curriculum for students -> they need to have an IEP  This is either gifted student or a slower student  Changing curriculum expectations  Accommodations  Something you do to change the way to teach  Instructional accommodation, environmental accommodation  Frustrating when teachers think students might need an IEP, but parents disagree  Because then accommodations are hard to put into place -> because there is no funding  Difference between 'you need practice' to 'you need an iep' when it comes to 'fine motor skills'  Is it a biological issue or an issue that they did not practice?  Young kids' concepts of fairness is different  They think fairness is the 'same'  Not bigger in size, but just amount-wise  To teach them about fairness -> Mukluk story  There was a young teacher who went to Nunavut to teach a grade 3/4 split. There were students who complained about fairness so he wanted to teach them about it. Impoverished area, there was some extra money from fund raising and the board gave it to the kids. What do we need to do with this money? We need to split it. They split it up evenly - > $42.30. What's the next step to be fair? They agreed they had to spend the money on the same thing -> they decided they need new shoes -> mukluk(winter boots). They went to the first student -> he wears a 6 size shoes. Teacher says he's going to buy everything the same. But kids say that they are size 3 -> fairness is evaluated because they all wear different size shoes  Fairness is that everybody gets what they need to be successful -> it does not mean that everything has to be the same  Everyone gets the same opportunity to be successful  This means one person gets something different from another student  Do what you have to do to make each person successful even if it's different for each student  Human development (prenatal development)  Nature vs. nurture  Nature  What you're born with, naturally embedded  Nature  The environment in which you are raised  Theories (issues)  Tabula rasa -> people born as blank states  Sexual orientation -> whether you're born that way  Twin studies  IQ  Mental health -> ADHD, etc.  Critical periods of development  Enriched environments  Feral children -> kids who grew up by themselves, isolated with no sense of speech  We learn the most about language development from these kids o Anal stage -> how you were toilet trained determines what your personality is  Two years old is a key time to learn autonomy  When kids say "NO!"  Au
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