Lecture 2 - Notes
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January 14, 2013
Special Education is a very complex area. It is changing and evolving, as new research, realities and
strategies become apparent. The Ministry of Education for Ontario has taken a strong leadership
role in this aspect of education, ever since 1980, when the Education Amendment Act was passed –
commonly known as Bill 82. You will encounter this bill and other special education policy and
memoranda in this module. But basically, prior to Bill 82 there was no provision in law or education
to allow children with special needs access to the curriculum or access to specific teaching and
learning. All of that changed in the 1980s and has been gradually changing and improving since
Source: Special Education: A Guide for Educators: gives more details.
Since the field of Special Education is so broad, with full courses available on many topics, I have
organized things into manageable chunks. We began in Week One by looking at the overarching
philosophy of Inclusion, with it’s UDL and DI framework. You were asked to acquaint yourself with
the Core Concepts for UDL. That will stand you in good stead for understanding this module. (hint:
go back if you skipped week 1) Now, we will examine the Legislation and Funding around Special
Education, as well as Exceptionalities. Programming for Student Learning will be the area that we
will spend our greatest focus on, but, later in the course when we look at the IEP.
In terms of BIG IDEAS this week, it is important to understand these concepts:
1. All students MUST be provided access to teaching and learning, by legislation in the province of
2. Exceptionalities are the way that the government categorizes student access to programming for
children with special needs.
3. The IPRC is the way that students are identified and placed and
4. It all comes together in the classroom, with inclusion.
What does the Education Act say about Special Education?
What regulations and sections govern Spec Ed? What do they say?
How does funding for Special Ed work?
What is SEAC? How does it help?
What is an IPRC and how does it help students in the classroom?
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