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Lecture

EDUC 4380U Lecture Notes - Classroom Management, Differentiated Instruction, Whiteboard


School
UOIT
Department
Education
Course Code
EDUC 4380U
Professor
David Gray

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September 18, 2012
What are the official duties of a teacher? (Education Act 1990)
o I really hope this is posted
o Generally all-encompassing
100 years ago?
o A teacher's character was judged more than their ability to teach
o Rewarded for being "perfect"
1915 (Wisconsin)
o Cannot dye your hair, dress in bright colours -> addressed to women
Passive
o Offer appreciative words
o Celebrate milestones
o Have other students praise that student
o Don't single out the student
o Pair them up or have them in groups
o Place them in the company of outgoing students
o Offer alternative options - written work instead of oral (record oral)
o Graffiti exercise - > whiteboard, holding it up in a survey
o Plan out what the question and answer is -> 'I'm going to ask you this" "What would you say
to that?"
o Allow student the right to pass
o Give them "choices"
Aggressive
o Classroom environment -> goes into the hallway; place him by the door so he could explode
outside
Have a contract beforehand
Maybe have a designated spot -> give them an object to play with to distract
them until they can bring their anger down
Make sure there is an adult with them when they explode outside of the class -> have
some kind of a code word over the PA or something they could dispatch somebody ->
kids always need to have supervision
o Reward good behaviour and punish them for bad behaviour immediately
o Contracts -> broken down as much as necessary
If they do something good for 15 minutes, they get something they like (blocks,
computers, etc.)
Then extend to a half hour slot
o Give them more responsibility within the classroom
o Teacher needs to have an understanding of what is going to trigger the child's behaviour
For ADHD -> sounds can be triggers
Sometimes, it's lights -> maybe have reading corner with soft lights -> need
calming effects
Blue -> incites anger
Orange -> incites calmness
Trickling fountains -> also incites calmness; aquariums
Also gives them something to stare at
o Treat them as adults -> speak to them maturely
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Attention problems
o Have a refocus spot, chair with lamp
o Allow for movement and breaks
o Differentiated instruction
Different strategies to meet the same outcomes
o Using signals to redirect their attention
Make a contract early
Is it okay if I put my hand on your shoulder to remind you?
o Throw their interests into the lessons
o Minimize noise
o Board games -> SCRABBLE - for spelling and math
o Memory aids -> give them visual images
o Make up a name and say, "Can Benjy Anderson come to the office?"
This was a signal that there was going to be a fire drill
Teachers would go to special needs students and warn them
Perfectionist
o Open-ended activity
o Art
o Countdown transitions
o Measurement activities
o Trust someone else
o Sometimes they're afraid to make mistakes -> encourage them to make a mistake
As a teacher, make mistakes, and then go back and correct it, so that they know that
it's okay
o Performance goals -> if they're goal-oriented
Socially inept
o Maybe child doesn't understand facial expressions -> pair them up and let them to mirror
games
Say an action, and they both have to show you it -> angry; they have to make angry
books
o Read books, and in the middle, ask questions
What is Tim feeling right now? Why is he feeling like this?
o Signs and emotion cards around the classroom
o Pair them up so that they make friends, and are not alone
Have them already decide who they're going to play with that recess
Change it up every class, so that they play with somebody different every day
Teachers have to be very observant about the classroom dynamics
o Relate messages about emotional feelings through literature
Classroom management theories
o Self concept, cognitive, behaviouristic
Behaviourism
o Rules need to be established on the very first day, and then maintained until it becomes
routine
o Keep it simple, so that kids understand them -> won't be hard to implement
o Too many rules means too much classroom management and not enough teaching
o Establish the consequences -> be consistent
Kids will figure out inconsistencies very quickly
o Establish a way of delivering resources -> how to distribute paper, books, pencils
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