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Lecture 5

FSCI 1010U Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Alcohol Intoxication, Alternating Current, Cyanide Poisoning


School
UOIT
Department
Forensic-Science
Course Code
FSCI 1010U
Professor
Nelson Lafreniere
Lecture
5

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Forensic Science Lecture 5 02.24.16
Major Case Investigation
What is Forensic Science?
L.O.S.E.R. Principle
L – Listen – Who or what do we listen to?
O – Observe – From the time you get the call, you start looking. Check surroundings before
entering the crime scene
S – Search – Look for anything that could be important to the investigation
E – Evaluate
R – Record – Notes/ Sketches
Major Case Management
But Why?...
Honourable Justice Campbell Report
o Paul Bernado Case, Sept. 1, 1995 (9 charges)
“Problems turn out to be the same, the mistakes the same, and the systemic failures the
same”
Serial Killers
Sutcliffe – Yorkshire Ripper (England)
Ten Bundy (USA)
Green River Killer (USA)
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Forensic Science Lecture 5 02.24.16
Clifford Olsen (Canada)
“Motivation, investigative skill and dedication are not enough….require effective case
management”
What is a ‘Major Case’?
The following criteria offences are deemed to be major cases:
1. Homicides as defined in subsection 222(4), Criminal Code of Canada, and attempts;
2. Sexual assaults, and all attempts (includes sexual interference, exploitation and touching);
3. Occurrences involving non-familial abductions & attempts;
4. Missing person occurrences, where circumstances indicate a strong possibility of foul play;
5. Occurrences suspected to be homicide involving found human remains;
6. Criminal harassment cases in which the offender is not known to the victim; and,
7. Any other case designated as a major case by the Major Case Management Executive Board
Major Case Identification Systems
Process of early detection & linkages
Achieved through:
oViolent Crime Linkage Analysis Software (ViCLAS)
oCentre of Forensic Sciences (CFS)
oDNA Data Bank
oOffice of the Chief Coroner
oCanadian Police Information Centre (CPIC)
oMajor Case Management Software – PowerCase
oSerial Predatory Crime Investigator
oOntario Sex Offender Registry
ViCLAS
Automated case linkage system designed to capture, collate and compare crimes of violence
through the analysis of victimology, offender/suspect description, modus operandi, forensic and
behavioral data
Forensic Services & Coroner’s Complex
Centre of Forensic Sciences
Provide scientific laboratory services in support of the administration of justice and public safety
Office of the Chief Coroner
Central repository of all death reports that have been investigated by all Coroners throughout the
Province of Ontario.
DNA Data Bank
National repository for DNA profiles of unknown DNA samples from crime scenes and profiles
of offenders convicted of designated offences
Receives ~500-600 samples per week
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Forensic Science Lecture 5 02.24.16
Convicted Offender Index – DNA Profiles 324,123
Crime Scene Index – DNA Profiles 115,515
Offender Hits Crime Scene to Offender 38,871
Forensic Hits Crime Scene to Crime Scene 4365
Canadian Police Information Centre
National repository of data on charged, wanted, missing persons, stolen vehicles, property and
other crime-related data
Power Case
Ministry approved - Major Case Management Software
Centralized and secure data storage
Evidence management
Research
Assign and track lines of investigation
Intelligence analysis
Court preparation
Serial Predatory Crime Investigator
Responsible for the review, development and coordination of multi-jurisdictional and single
jurisdiction investigations of linked major cases
When “a reasonable likelihood” exists that the same person(s) has committed the crimes. When
that criterion is met, the SPCI co-ordinator is notified and becomes part of the probe
Ontario Sex Offender Registry
Provincial legislation which requires convicted offenders to, on court order, report and supply
local police services with their current address and notify police of any address change
Christopher’s Law
oApril 23, 2001 – Ontario first and only to establish registry
2013, Bill 163 amended legislation, adding:
Reporting obligations - to enable the province to require offenders to report within seven
days instead of the current 15 *
The addition of offenders convicted outside of Canada, and * T
he addition of offenders pardoned under the Criminal Records Act
Inter-disciplinary Approach
Forensic Identification Officers
Forensic pathology
Forensic odontology/dentistry
Forensic anthropology/archaeology
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