Organizational behavior: is a field of study devoted to understanding, explaining, and ultimately improving the attitudes and behaviors of individuals and groups in organizations. Influence factors on individual and group behavior in organizations: Organizational behavior: understand, explain, and improve people"s behaviors and attitudes in the context at work. Understand- knowing what is happening/behaving in an organization. Improve- asking how you can make things better. Evidence based management - making managerial and organizational decisions based on recent and robust scientific evidence. Resource-based view: a model that argues that rare and inimitable resources help firm maintain competitive advantage. Rule of one eighth: the belief that the best one-eighth, or 12 percent of organizations will actually do what is required to build profits by putting people first. Textbook - hypothesis (independent variable vs. dependent variable) Hypotheses: written predictions that specify relationships between variables. Scientific method= theory -> hypotheses -> data -> verification.