Class Notes (839,149)
Canada (511,217)
Administration (2,738)
ADM1301 (111)
Lecture 3

ADM1301B society week 3 canadian stakeholders.docx

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David Delcorde

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Lecture 3: Stakeholders: The Canadian Gov’t Segment September 16, 2013 When you hear the word “government” what is the first word that come to mind? - Bureaucrats, politicians, bungling, inefficient, ineffective, waste, taxes, smoke & mirrors, cover-ups, publicity, can’t get a job anywhere else, no accountability - “ let the gov’t fix the problem…it’s the politicians…it’s the bureaucrats…there’s no leadership…it doesn’t matter b/c the gov’t won’t listen and will do whatever it wants anyways” - Where is the balance? - Why are criticisms easier? o Lack of understanding of the gov’t sector o Influenced by the press that suggests no accountability or responsibility Video: Insurance: Credit-based rates - What does an MPP do about this? - Insurance rates tied to credit rating o Are you ok with this - What do you feel the provincial gov’t role should be? o Informed consent o Reinforced privacy laws that already exist o Put a limit on the amount they can increase rates o Are they respecting privacy laws? o It’s a civic responsibility o The MPP that is elected by the people – who should he or she side with?  They also need to take into consideration the party that they belong to and what direction the party is headed  You cannot please the people all the time  Ie a big company in the MPPs constituency may say they will go out of business if the MPP goes one way vs the way the constituents want that MPP to go. Video: Counterfeiting - Health & safety concerns, no quality, the actual company loses money, reflects poorly on companies who have done a lot of R&D, false accusations towards big companies, - IT enables this because you can make virtually identical copies very quickly - What should the federal gov’t do about this? o Gov’t mostly concentrates on terrorists & drug control, this is a low priority o Legislation with higher fines, but international laws and cases could go on and on and cost a lot of money for the gov’t o More about what the gov’t can do with the limited resources, and it is also based on what the people want (which is cheaper things usually) o Counterfeiting may also be funding drugs and terrorism o Citizens have the responsibility to voice there options to the gov’t and to elect those who say they will do what the citizens want o If no one buys it they won’t sell it. If there is demand they will find another way to sell to ppl. o Gov’t should crack down more on retailers o If the people are not willing to pay the real price of the real thing, why would the gov’t be motived to do anything about it? o All about Available resources:  We are all taxpayers  What is more important to the constituents  We cannot solve all the problems o Fake parts  Fake parts on airplanes…. Is that a real problem? Yes… we don’t even know that it is there  Fake parts in military machinersy  In break pads  These fake items are in the marketplace. These can be the difference between living and dying  Fake medicine… filled with filler that could kill you o There are only so many resources. What are we NOT Going to do? What is the appropriate role of gov’t Insurance rate? - Endless issues Counterfeiting - Countless stakeholders Unemployment - Some favour more gov’t intervention Economy - etc How Canadians Govern Themselves – Covered only briefly - Canada is a democracy, a constitutional monarchy and a federal state, with 10 largely self-governing provinces and three territories - Nova Scotia was the first part of Canada to secure a representative gov't (in 1758) A federal State - a federal state is one that bring together a number of different political communities with a common gov't for common purposes, and separate "states" or "provincial" gov'ts for the particular purposes of each community - federalism combines unity with diversity - the British North America Act, 1867, was the instrument that brought the Canadian federation into existence The Constitution Covered only briefly - the Constitution Act, 1982 did not give Canada a new Constitution - what we have now is the old constitution with a very few small deletions and four immensely important additions: 1. the establishment of 4 legal formulas for amending the constitution 2. the first three amending formulas place certain parts of the written constitution beyond the power of parliament or any provincial legislature to touch 3. the setting out of the Canadian Charter of Rights & Freedoms 4. The giving to provinces, wide powers over their own resources Canadian charter of Rights & Freedoms - Covered only briefly Specific Rights & Freedoms: - democratic rights - fundamental freedoms - mobility rights - legal rights - equality rights - official language rights - minority language education rights Canadian Federalism- Covered only briefly Canada- - governed by a system of parliamentary democracy with powers divided among the various levels of gov't that constitute our federalist state - two sources of laws: provincial & federal Federalism - is a system of political organization in which the activites of state are divided between at least two levels of gov't in such a way that each level has certain areas in which it is empowered to make final decisions the canadian federation - the federal gov't - 10 provincial and three territorial gov't - a number of regional and local municipalities Some examples of Federal gov't exclusive national powers: (only the federal gov’t controls – know a few of these and provide a reason why they are federal - Covered only briefly - direct & indirect taxation 2 - regulation of trade and commerce - "the public debt and property" : grants to individuals or provinces (family allowance, hospital insurance/medicare, higher education etc) - the post office - census and statistics - defence - navigation & shippping - the fisheries - money and banking - interest - bankruptcy - weights & measures - patents - copyrights - criminal law and procedure in criminal cases - general law of marriage and divorce some examples of provincial legislation powers - Covered only briefly - direct taxation in the province for provincial purposes - natural resources - prisons (except for federal penitentiaries) - charitable institutions - hospitals (except marine hospitals) - municipal institutions - licenses for provincial and municipal revenue purposes - incorporation of provincial companies - solemnization of marriage, property and civil rights in the province - the creation of courts and the administration of justice, fines & penalties for breaking the law - matters of a merely local or private nature in the province - education – wouldn’t it be easier if everyone in the country did the same curriculum? Yes but then there would be no diversity. Different provinces have different needs for different education. The focus is not global or international it is perrocial. some areas of cross-over (read for yourself, not covered in class) - both parliament and provincial legislatures have power over agriculture and immigration, and over certain aspects of natural resources - if their laws conflict the national law prevails - although parliament cannot transfer any of its powers to a provincial legislature, nore a provincial legislature any of its powers to parliament, parliament can delegate the administration of a federal act to provincial agencies, and a provincial legislature can delegate the admin of a provincial Act to a federal agency The Canadian Political Landscape Video: Question Period re: Wright/Duffey - PM avoided all questions (most people in question period do that in tought situations - Someone appears to be not telling the truth - “to my knowledge” etc no one wants to “know” anything. - Frustrating exchange – same question and answer back and forth no answers - It’s all a sort of game - Huge scandal that took several senators down. - When you look at this, the difference is that all the questions were right to the point, they were not presented with a flowery explanation beforehand. It was a yes or no questions. But if you say no that will provoke more questions and if you say yes, that it worse - During question period you notice that someone will have a great oration before they get to the question. – not here - Normally people ask questions and the whole party supports it even if the comment was absurd 3 - Press What about the press? The press is the conduit of the interpretation of what is going on. You rely on the press’ interpretations of things to make the judgements - What is your reaction to the press o They indicated that everyone was trying to avoid any knowledge of anything o No one caught up in a scandal would admit to knowing about it o The press is losing faith in the gov’t b/c of the way the whole scandal is being hidden and they are clearly not being upfront about things o Consensus between press members that it was too late for him to apologize for it five days later o Biased view against conservatives. o Every political party through history has had their own parties and their own scandals throughout history. This is just where they got caught o Affects several senators, including liberal senators o The whole scandal revolves around senators spending tax dollars inappropriately o There is a difference between an administrative oversight and a blatant misuse of funds o This is why we have control functions throughout the gov’t these things should not happen which is why we have an auditor general etc o - Canada is a constitutional monarchy, a federation and a parliamentary democracy - her majesty Queen Elizabeth II is the Queen of Canada, and our constitutional head of state - She delegates her duties, which are mainly ceremonial, to her representatives in Canada: the GG & the provincial lieutenant-governors - Formally the PM and cabinet advise the queen, but practically cabinet holds the power and determines the policy for proposed legislation - This is a complicated business: Canada governs through the "westminister model" of gov't Three branches of gov't - legislative - House of Commons & the senate - executive - PM, Cabinet & the Public Services - Judicial - independent of Cabinet, Parliament or of any other state institution - Judiciary – not linked to anything because judges need to be objective, they do not report to the sovereign or the PM Etc. - Know who is included in each part: legislative, executive & judicial and a bit about them Legislative Branch - House of Commons - 308 seats - elections at least every 5years - the speech from the Throne (intended work plan for the gov't) - Question Period (Opposition's chance to challenge gov't actions) – all the opposition members ask questions of the gov’t in power) 4 - legislation and debates (draft bills are tabled and debated before becoming law) – bills ultimately become law - all proceedings of the HoC are recorded in a parliamentary publication called Hansard breakdown of
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