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Lecture 8

ADM2336 Lecture 8: Lecture 8-ADM2336

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Joanne Leck

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Motivation - Lecture 8 Organizational Behaviour What is Motivation? - The energetic forces that initiates work-related effort and determines its direction, intensity, and persistence. Motivation determines the… Motivation affects job performance and organization commitment. How do you motivate an employee? Rewards - Monetary - Praise - Time off - Benefits - Job security Challenges - Opportunities Negative motivators - Fire - Demote - Reduce pay Goal Setting Theory Goals - the primary drivers of intensity and persistence of effort Specific and Difficult Goals - result in higher levels of performance Goal Difficulty and Task Performance How difficult should the task be? Equity Theory - Employees perceive what they get (outcomes) in relation to what they put in (inputs) and then compare their I/O ratios of relevant others. - Any resemblance in ratios triggers equity distress Equity Distress: an internal tension that can only be alleviated by restoring balance to the ratios “It is my motivation to change the imbalance”. Three Possible Outcomes of Equity Theory Comparisons Expectancy Theory -
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